Plant Ecophysiology – Institut for Plante- og Miljøvidenskab - Københavns Universitet

Planter udviser en utrolig plasticitet i deres respons på et foranderligt miljø. Under forskellige miljømæssige stimuli varierer planter deres ressourcefordeling mellem generel og specialiseret metabolisme. Interaktionen mellem generel og specialiseret metabolisme påvirker planternes ydeevne og har også indvirkning på fordøjelighed og toksicitet. I en tidsalder, hvor temperaturer og atmosfæriske forhold ændrer sig i hidtil uset tempo, er vi nødt til bedre at forstådenne interaktion for at forbedre afgrøders ydeevne og bevare dyrelivet.

Vores forskning sigter på at forstå den molekylære regulering og evolution af planters metaboliske veje samt at tilvejebringe grundlæggende viden, der kan anvendes inden for miljømæssige, landbrugsmæssige og bioteknologiske platforme. Dette opnår vi ved at anvende en fuld "omik"-værktøjskasse – fra drivhus til mark.

Find mere information om gruppen i menuen under billedet.

Forskningstemaer

  • Integrated “omics” approach to understand the role and regulation of specialized metabolites in trees (Eucalyptus, Corymbia and Betula) in response to biotic and abiotic stress
  • Drought tolerance and recovery in cereal crops by redirection of nitrogen between specialized and general metabolism
  • Pathway discovery of genes involved in general and specialized metabolism, with a focus on cytochromes P450
  • Biosynthesis and role of oximes in plant metabolism
  • Evolution of general and specialized metabolite pathways in ferns
  • Volatile emission from Eucalyptus
  • Metabolomic investigations into specialized metabolite detoxification by marsupials
  • Prevalence of cyanogenic glucosides in Eremophila and Myoporum
For students wishing to work within these topics,. M.Sc. and B.Sc. projects are currently available. Please contact en@plen.ku.dk

Forskningsprojekter

  • VILLUM Center for Plant Plasticity 2013-2019 (EHJN co-applicant)
  • VILLUM Foundation Young Investigator Program “How does climate change impact plants and their herbivores?” 2016-2020 (EHJN)
  • Danish Council for Independent Research “Improved drought tolerance and recovery via redirection of nitrogen between specialized and general metabolism” 2016-2019 (EHJN)

Videnskabelige highlights

Using a multi-disciplinary approach, our research has established an intricate interplay between plant general and specialized metabolism. We have demonstrated that plants exhibit a metabolic shift in chemistry in response to developmental and environmental change; in the glasshouse and in the field. The redirection of resources between general and specialized metabolism can improve plant growth and performance under adverse conditions. This metabolic shift, however, has significant consequences for plant toxicity and nutritional content, and downstream consequences on different trophic levels.

We have optimized analytical methods to separate and analyze complex plant mixtures. We are currently identifying key biosynthetic pathway members involved in the biosynthesis of different specialized metabolite classes, combining transcriptomic and proteomic analyses.

Gruppemedlemmer

For studerende

Are you interested in doing a project, you can read more about your options in the project database

  • Project database for students

  • Department of Plant and Environmental Sciences have various bachelor and master programs.

  • Read more about the options here
  • Ekstra information / Sidebar