Isolate-Specific Effect of Entomopathogenic Endophytic Fungi on Population Growth of Two-Spotted Spider Mite (Tetranychus urticae Koch) and Levels of Steroidal Glycoalkaloids in Tomato

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

Entomopathogenic fungi (EPF) can be experimentally established in several plant species as endophytes. Ecological effects of EPF inoculations on plant growth and plant-herbivore interactions have been demonstrated, potentially by altering plant physiological responses. However, the role of these responses in plant-fungus-herbivore tripartite interactions has not been well elucidated. Steroidal glycoalkaloids (SGAs) are plant specialized metabolites with bioactive properties against arthropod herbivores. Here, the effects of seed treatments by three EPF isolates, representing Beauveria bassiana, Metarhizium brunneum, and M. robertsii, on population growth of two-spotted spider mites (Tetranychus urticae Koch) were evaluated on tomato (Solanum lycopersicum). The levels of two SGAs, alpha-tomatine and dehydrotomatine, were determined in tomato leaves by LC-MS with and without T. urticae infestations after EPF inoculations. Interestingly, the population growth of T. urticae was significantly highest with M. brunneum and lowest with M. robertsii and B. bassiana at 15 days after infestation. Overall there was a significant negative correlation between SGAs content and the number of T. urticae. The levels of SGAs were significantly induced by T. urticae presence in all treatments, while only M. robertsii showed significantly higher levels of SGAs than M. brunneum and control in one of two experiments. Contrastingly, the effects on SGAs accumulation and population growth of T. urticae did not directly correlate with EPF endophytic colonization patterns of the inoculated plants. This study suggests a link between ecological effects and physiological responses mediated by EPF inoculations and T. urticae infestation with potential implications for plant protection.

TidsskriftJournal of Chemical Ecology
Udgave nummer4-5
Sider (fra-til)476–488
Antal sider13
StatusUdgivet - 2021

ID: 258891701