Effect of sterilization on mineralization of straw and black carbon

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

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Effect of sterilization on mineralization of straw and black carbon. / Bobul'ská, Lenka; Bruun, Sander; Fazekašová, Danica.

In: Fresenius Environmental Bulletin, Vol. 22, No. 6, 2013, p. 1727-1730.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Bobul'ská, L, Bruun, S & Fazekašová, D 2013, 'Effect of sterilization on mineralization of straw and black carbon', Fresenius Environmental Bulletin, vol. 22, no. 6, pp. 1727-1730.

APA

Bobul'ská, L., Bruun, S., & Fazekašová, D. (2013). Effect of sterilization on mineralization of straw and black carbon. Fresenius Environmental Bulletin, 22(6), 1727-1730.

Vancouver

Bobul'ská L, Bruun S, Fazekašová D. Effect of sterilization on mineralization of straw and black carbon. Fresenius Environmental Bulletin. 2013;22(6):1727-1730.

Author

Bobul'ská, Lenka ; Bruun, Sander ; Fazekašová, Danica. / Effect of sterilization on mineralization of straw and black carbon. In: Fresenius Environmental Bulletin. 2013 ; Vol. 22, No. 6. pp. 1727-1730.

Bibtex

@article{a5b5aca2c2f544cfb05d9f2f43478453,
title = "Effect of sterilization on mineralization of straw and black carbon",
abstract = "The study was aimed at investigating the role of microorganisms in the degradation of BC (black carbon). CO evolution was measured under sterilized and non-sterilized soil using BC and straw amendments. Black carbon and straw were produced from homogenously C labelled roots of barley (Hordeum vulgare) with a specific activity 2.9 MBq g C. Production of BC was implemented at 300 °C for 24 h in a muffle oven, incubated in soil and C in the evolved CO was measured after 0.5, 1, 2, 4, 8, 16, 26 and 40 days. BC showed much lower and slow evolution of CO than the plant material which refers to high resistance of BC to microbial degradation. The difference between soil respiration in sterilized and non-sterilized soil with plant material was visible from the beginning of the experiment, unlike with BC amendments where differences only occurred after some days. In addition, the CO evolution from the plant material proceeded with a lag phase while CO evolution from the charcoals showed no lag phase. This indicates that microorganisms are not involved in the initial flush of carbon emitted from the BC. We suggest that an alternative source may be carbonates on the surfaces of the BC, but another abiotic source must also be present perhaps abiotic mineralization of labile BC components.",
author = "Lenka Bobul'sk{\'a} and Sander Bruun and Danica Fazekašov{\'a}",
year = "2013",
language = "English",
volume = "22",
pages = "1727--1730",
journal = "Fresenius Environmental Bulletin",
issn = "1018-4619",
publisher = "Parlar Scientific Publications",
number = "6",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Effect of sterilization on mineralization of straw and black carbon

AU - Bobul'ská, Lenka

AU - Bruun, Sander

AU - Fazekašová, Danica

PY - 2013

Y1 - 2013

N2 - The study was aimed at investigating the role of microorganisms in the degradation of BC (black carbon). CO evolution was measured under sterilized and non-sterilized soil using BC and straw amendments. Black carbon and straw were produced from homogenously C labelled roots of barley (Hordeum vulgare) with a specific activity 2.9 MBq g C. Production of BC was implemented at 300 °C for 24 h in a muffle oven, incubated in soil and C in the evolved CO was measured after 0.5, 1, 2, 4, 8, 16, 26 and 40 days. BC showed much lower and slow evolution of CO than the plant material which refers to high resistance of BC to microbial degradation. The difference between soil respiration in sterilized and non-sterilized soil with plant material was visible from the beginning of the experiment, unlike with BC amendments where differences only occurred after some days. In addition, the CO evolution from the plant material proceeded with a lag phase while CO evolution from the charcoals showed no lag phase. This indicates that microorganisms are not involved in the initial flush of carbon emitted from the BC. We suggest that an alternative source may be carbonates on the surfaces of the BC, but another abiotic source must also be present perhaps abiotic mineralization of labile BC components.

AB - The study was aimed at investigating the role of microorganisms in the degradation of BC (black carbon). CO evolution was measured under sterilized and non-sterilized soil using BC and straw amendments. Black carbon and straw were produced from homogenously C labelled roots of barley (Hordeum vulgare) with a specific activity 2.9 MBq g C. Production of BC was implemented at 300 °C for 24 h in a muffle oven, incubated in soil and C in the evolved CO was measured after 0.5, 1, 2, 4, 8, 16, 26 and 40 days. BC showed much lower and slow evolution of CO than the plant material which refers to high resistance of BC to microbial degradation. The difference between soil respiration in sterilized and non-sterilized soil with plant material was visible from the beginning of the experiment, unlike with BC amendments where differences only occurred after some days. In addition, the CO evolution from the plant material proceeded with a lag phase while CO evolution from the charcoals showed no lag phase. This indicates that microorganisms are not involved in the initial flush of carbon emitted from the BC. We suggest that an alternative source may be carbonates on the surfaces of the BC, but another abiotic source must also be present perhaps abiotic mineralization of labile BC components.

M3 - Journal article

AN - SCOPUS:84880056882

VL - 22

SP - 1727

EP - 1730

JO - Fresenius Environmental Bulletin

JF - Fresenius Environmental Bulletin

SN - 1018-4619

IS - 6

ER -

ID: 102241108