Trichoderma harzianum Peptaibols Stimulate Plant Plasma Membrane H+-ATPase Activity

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt


  • Fulltext

    Forlagets udgivne version, 3,13 MB, PDF-dokument

Because of their ability to promote growth, act as biopesticides, and improve abiotic stress tolerance, Trichoderma spp. have been used for plant seed coating. However, the mechanism for the promotion of plant growth remains unknown. In this study, we investigate the effect of fungal extracts on the plant plasma membrane (PM) H+-ATPase, which is essential for plant growth and often a target of plant-associated microbes. We show that Trichoderma harzianum extract increases H+-ATPase activity, and by fractionation and high-resolution mass spectrometry (MS), we identify the activating components trichorzin PA (tPA) II and tPA VI that belong to the class of peptaibols. Peptaibols are nonribosomal peptides that can integrate into membranes and form indiscriminate ion channels, which causes pesticidal activity. To further investigate peptaibol-mediated H+-ATPase activation, we compare the effect of tPA II and VI to that of the model peptaibol alamethicin (AlaM). We show that AlaM increases H+-ATPase turnover rates in a concentration-dependent manner, with a peak in activity measured at 31.25 μM, above which activity decreases. Using fluorescent probes and light scattering, we find that the AlaM-mediated increase in activity is not correlated to increased membrane fluidity or vesicle integrity, whereas the activity decrease at high AlaM concentrations is likely due to PM overloading of AlaM pores. Overall, our results suggest that the symbiosis of fungi and plants, specifically related to peptaibols, is a concentration-dependent balance, where peptaibols do not act only as biocontrol agents but also as plant growth stimulants.

TidsskriftACS Omega
Udgave nummer38
Sider (fra-til)34928-34937
Antal sider10
StatusUdgivet - 2023

Bibliografisk note

Funding Information:
The authors acknowledge the financial support from The Danish Council for Independent Research, Technology, and Production Sciences (FTP) grant no. DFF-4184-00548 COMBAT, The Villum Foundation grant no. 35955, and the Carlsberg Foundation grant no. CF21 - 0389.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 The Authors. Published by American Chemical Society.

ID: 382557428