Transcytosis shuts the door for an unwanted guest

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Penetration resistance is a well-described plant defense process, in which SOLUBLE N-ETHYLMALEIMIDE-SENSITIVE-FACTOR ATTACHMENT RECEPTOR (SNARE) proteins have essential roles in membrane fusion processes. Strong focal accumulation of these proteins at the site of attack by powdery mildew fungi has been considered important for their function. However, recent insight indicates that transcytosis, leading to the formation of exosomes, has an important role in this defense and, furthermore, that strong accumulation of these SNARE proteins with the exosomes is biologically irrelevant. These findings alter the established function of SNAREs in penetration resistance; therefore, in this opinion, we propose that PEN1 and its SNARE partners function on an endosome in their control of penetration resistance.
Original languageEnglish
JournalTrends in Plant Science
Issue number11
Pages (from-to)611-616
Number of pages6
Publication statusPublished - 2013

ID: 102229213