Relating soil C and organic matter fractions to soil structural stability

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Relating soil C and organic matter fractions to soil structural stability. / Jensen, Johannes L.; Schjønning, Per; Watts, Christopher W.; Christensen, Bent T.; Peltre, Clément; Munkholm, Lars J.

In: Geoderma, Vol. 337, 01.03.2019, p. 834-843.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Jensen, JL, Schjønning, P, Watts, CW, Christensen, BT, Peltre, C & Munkholm, LJ 2019, 'Relating soil C and organic matter fractions to soil structural stability', Geoderma, vol. 337, pp. 834-843. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.geoderma.2018.10.034

APA

Jensen, J. L., Schjønning, P., Watts, C. W., Christensen, B. T., Peltre, C., & Munkholm, L. J. (2019). Relating soil C and organic matter fractions to soil structural stability. Geoderma, 337, 834-843. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.geoderma.2018.10.034

Vancouver

Jensen JL, Schjønning P, Watts CW, Christensen BT, Peltre C, Munkholm LJ. Relating soil C and organic matter fractions to soil structural stability. Geoderma. 2019 Mar 1;337:834-843. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.geoderma.2018.10.034

Author

Jensen, Johannes L. ; Schjønning, Per ; Watts, Christopher W. ; Christensen, Bent T. ; Peltre, Clément ; Munkholm, Lars J. / Relating soil C and organic matter fractions to soil structural stability. In: Geoderma. 2019 ; Vol. 337. pp. 834-843.

Bibtex

@article{10d9548c079b4813ba424916e216055f,
title = "Relating soil C and organic matter fractions to soil structural stability",
abstract = "Soil organic matter (SOM) is important for maintaining soil structural stability (SSS). This study quantified the influence of soil organic carbon (SOC) and different organic matter components on various SSS measures. We used a silt loam soil with a wide range of SOC (8.0–42.7 g kg−1 minerals) sampled in spring 2015 from the Highfield Ley-Arable Long-Term Experiment at Rothamsted Research. Four treatments were sampled: Bare fallow, continuous arable rotation, ley-arable rotation, and grass. Soils were tested for clay dispersibility (DispClay), clay-SOM disintegration (DI, the ratio between clay content without and with SOM removal) and dispersion of particles <20 μm. The SSS tests were related to SOC, permanganate oxidizable carbon (POXC), hot water-extractable carbon (HWC), mid-infrared photoacoustic spectroscopy (FTIR-PAS) and mineral fines/SOC ratio. SSS increased with increasing content of SOM components. The relationships between SOM components and SSS followed a broken-stick regression with a change point at ~23.0 g SOC kg−1 minerals (clay/SOC~10) coinciding with a change from the tilled treatments to the grass treatment. We found a greater influence of SOC, POXC and HWC on SSS at contents below the change point than above. A stronger linear relation between POXC and DispClay compared to SOC and HWC suggests that POXC was a better predictor of the variation in DispClay. POXC and HWC were less related to DI than SOC. The grass treatment had a very stable structure, shown in all SSS tests, probably due to the absence of tillage and large annual inputs of stabilizing agents. This suggests that a change in management from arable rotation to permanent grass is one effective tool for improving SSS.",
keywords = "Hot water-extractable carbon, Permanganate oxidizable carbon, Soil management, Soil organic carbon, Soil structural stability",
author = "Jensen, {Johannes L.} and Per Schj{\o}nning and Watts, {Christopher W.} and Christensen, {Bent T.} and Cl{\'e}ment Peltre and Munkholm, {Lars J.}",
year = "2019",
month = "3",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.geoderma.2018.10.034",
language = "English",
volume = "337",
pages = "834--843",
journal = "Geoderma",
issn = "0016-7061",
publisher = "Elsevier",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Relating soil C and organic matter fractions to soil structural stability

AU - Jensen, Johannes L.

AU - Schjønning, Per

AU - Watts, Christopher W.

AU - Christensen, Bent T.

AU - Peltre, Clément

AU - Munkholm, Lars J.

PY - 2019/3/1

Y1 - 2019/3/1

N2 - Soil organic matter (SOM) is important for maintaining soil structural stability (SSS). This study quantified the influence of soil organic carbon (SOC) and different organic matter components on various SSS measures. We used a silt loam soil with a wide range of SOC (8.0–42.7 g kg−1 minerals) sampled in spring 2015 from the Highfield Ley-Arable Long-Term Experiment at Rothamsted Research. Four treatments were sampled: Bare fallow, continuous arable rotation, ley-arable rotation, and grass. Soils were tested for clay dispersibility (DispClay), clay-SOM disintegration (DI, the ratio between clay content without and with SOM removal) and dispersion of particles <20 μm. The SSS tests were related to SOC, permanganate oxidizable carbon (POXC), hot water-extractable carbon (HWC), mid-infrared photoacoustic spectroscopy (FTIR-PAS) and mineral fines/SOC ratio. SSS increased with increasing content of SOM components. The relationships between SOM components and SSS followed a broken-stick regression with a change point at ~23.0 g SOC kg−1 minerals (clay/SOC~10) coinciding with a change from the tilled treatments to the grass treatment. We found a greater influence of SOC, POXC and HWC on SSS at contents below the change point than above. A stronger linear relation between POXC and DispClay compared to SOC and HWC suggests that POXC was a better predictor of the variation in DispClay. POXC and HWC were less related to DI than SOC. The grass treatment had a very stable structure, shown in all SSS tests, probably due to the absence of tillage and large annual inputs of stabilizing agents. This suggests that a change in management from arable rotation to permanent grass is one effective tool for improving SSS.

AB - Soil organic matter (SOM) is important for maintaining soil structural stability (SSS). This study quantified the influence of soil organic carbon (SOC) and different organic matter components on various SSS measures. We used a silt loam soil with a wide range of SOC (8.0–42.7 g kg−1 minerals) sampled in spring 2015 from the Highfield Ley-Arable Long-Term Experiment at Rothamsted Research. Four treatments were sampled: Bare fallow, continuous arable rotation, ley-arable rotation, and grass. Soils were tested for clay dispersibility (DispClay), clay-SOM disintegration (DI, the ratio between clay content without and with SOM removal) and dispersion of particles <20 μm. The SSS tests were related to SOC, permanganate oxidizable carbon (POXC), hot water-extractable carbon (HWC), mid-infrared photoacoustic spectroscopy (FTIR-PAS) and mineral fines/SOC ratio. SSS increased with increasing content of SOM components. The relationships between SOM components and SSS followed a broken-stick regression with a change point at ~23.0 g SOC kg−1 minerals (clay/SOC~10) coinciding with a change from the tilled treatments to the grass treatment. We found a greater influence of SOC, POXC and HWC on SSS at contents below the change point than above. A stronger linear relation between POXC and DispClay compared to SOC and HWC suggests that POXC was a better predictor of the variation in DispClay. POXC and HWC were less related to DI than SOC. The grass treatment had a very stable structure, shown in all SSS tests, probably due to the absence of tillage and large annual inputs of stabilizing agents. This suggests that a change in management from arable rotation to permanent grass is one effective tool for improving SSS.

KW - Hot water-extractable carbon

KW - Permanganate oxidizable carbon

KW - Soil management

KW - Soil organic carbon

KW - Soil structural stability

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85055873676&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.geoderma.2018.10.034

DO - 10.1016/j.geoderma.2018.10.034

M3 - Journal article

AN - SCOPUS:85055873676

VL - 337

SP - 834

EP - 843

JO - Geoderma

JF - Geoderma

SN - 0016-7061

ER -

ID: 213662914