Reduced turning frequency and delayed poultry manure addition reduces N loss from sugarcane compost

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Standard

Reduced turning frequency and delayed poultry manure addition reduces N loss from sugarcane compost. / Bryndum, Sofie; Muschler, R.; Nigatu, Abebe Nigussie; Magid, Jakob; de Neergaard, Andreas.

In: Waste Management, Vol. 65, 2017, p. 169-177.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Bryndum, S, Muschler, R, Nigatu, AN, Magid, J & de Neergaard, A 2017, 'Reduced turning frequency and delayed poultry manure addition reduces N loss from sugarcane compost', Waste Management, vol. 65, pp. 169-177. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wasman.2017.04.001

APA

Bryndum, S., Muschler, R., Nigatu, A. N., Magid, J., & de Neergaard, A. (2017). Reduced turning frequency and delayed poultry manure addition reduces N loss from sugarcane compost. Waste Management, 65, 169-177. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wasman.2017.04.001

Vancouver

Bryndum S, Muschler R, Nigatu AN, Magid J, de Neergaard A. Reduced turning frequency and delayed poultry manure addition reduces N loss from sugarcane compost. Waste Management. 2017;65:169-177. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wasman.2017.04.001

Author

Bryndum, Sofie ; Muschler, R. ; Nigatu, Abebe Nigussie ; Magid, Jakob ; de Neergaard, Andreas. / Reduced turning frequency and delayed poultry manure addition reduces N loss from sugarcane compost. In: Waste Management. 2017 ; Vol. 65. pp. 169-177.

Bibtex

@article{7eb996753e42480f8c2baa56c182e043,
title = "Reduced turning frequency and delayed poultry manure addition reduces N loss from sugarcane compost",
abstract = "Composting is an effective method to recycle biodegradable waste as soil amendment in smallholder farming systems. Although all essential plant nutrients are found in compost, a substantial amount of nitrogen is lost during composting. This study therefore investigated the potential of reducing N losses by (i) delaying the addition of nitrogen-rich substrates (i.e. poultry manure), and (ii) reducing the turning frequency during composting. Furthermore, we tested the effect of compost application method on nitrogen mineralization. Sugarcane-waste was composted for 54days with addition of poultry manure at the beginning (i.e. early addition) or after 21days of composting (delayed addition). The compost pile was then turned either every three or nine days. Composts were subsequently applied to soil as (i) homogeneously mixed, or (ii) stratified, and incubated for 28days to test the effect of compost application on nitrogen mineralization. The results showed that delayed addition of poultry manure reduced total nitrogen loss by 33{\%} and increased mineral nitrogen content by >200{\%} compared with early addition. Similarly, less frequent turning reduced total N loss by 12{\%} compared with frequent turning. Stratified placement of compost did not enhance N mineralization compared to a homogeneous mixing. Our results suggested that simple modifications of the composting process (i.e. delayed addition and/or turning frequency) could significantly reduce N losses and improve the plant-nutritional value of compost.",
keywords = "Journal Article",
author = "Sofie Bryndum and R. Muschler and Nigatu, {Abebe Nigussie} and Jakob Magid and {de Neergaard}, Andreas",
note = "Copyright {\circledC} 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.",
year = "2017",
doi = "10.1016/j.wasman.2017.04.001",
language = "English",
volume = "65",
pages = "169--177",
journal = "Waste Management",
issn = "0956-053X",
publisher = "Pergamon Press",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Reduced turning frequency and delayed poultry manure addition reduces N loss from sugarcane compost

AU - Bryndum, Sofie

AU - Muschler, R.

AU - Nigatu, Abebe Nigussie

AU - Magid, Jakob

AU - de Neergaard, Andreas

N1 - Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

PY - 2017

Y1 - 2017

N2 - Composting is an effective method to recycle biodegradable waste as soil amendment in smallholder farming systems. Although all essential plant nutrients are found in compost, a substantial amount of nitrogen is lost during composting. This study therefore investigated the potential of reducing N losses by (i) delaying the addition of nitrogen-rich substrates (i.e. poultry manure), and (ii) reducing the turning frequency during composting. Furthermore, we tested the effect of compost application method on nitrogen mineralization. Sugarcane-waste was composted for 54days with addition of poultry manure at the beginning (i.e. early addition) or after 21days of composting (delayed addition). The compost pile was then turned either every three or nine days. Composts were subsequently applied to soil as (i) homogeneously mixed, or (ii) stratified, and incubated for 28days to test the effect of compost application on nitrogen mineralization. The results showed that delayed addition of poultry manure reduced total nitrogen loss by 33% and increased mineral nitrogen content by >200% compared with early addition. Similarly, less frequent turning reduced total N loss by 12% compared with frequent turning. Stratified placement of compost did not enhance N mineralization compared to a homogeneous mixing. Our results suggested that simple modifications of the composting process (i.e. delayed addition and/or turning frequency) could significantly reduce N losses and improve the plant-nutritional value of compost.

AB - Composting is an effective method to recycle biodegradable waste as soil amendment in smallholder farming systems. Although all essential plant nutrients are found in compost, a substantial amount of nitrogen is lost during composting. This study therefore investigated the potential of reducing N losses by (i) delaying the addition of nitrogen-rich substrates (i.e. poultry manure), and (ii) reducing the turning frequency during composting. Furthermore, we tested the effect of compost application method on nitrogen mineralization. Sugarcane-waste was composted for 54days with addition of poultry manure at the beginning (i.e. early addition) or after 21days of composting (delayed addition). The compost pile was then turned either every three or nine days. Composts were subsequently applied to soil as (i) homogeneously mixed, or (ii) stratified, and incubated for 28days to test the effect of compost application on nitrogen mineralization. The results showed that delayed addition of poultry manure reduced total nitrogen loss by 33% and increased mineral nitrogen content by >200% compared with early addition. Similarly, less frequent turning reduced total N loss by 12% compared with frequent turning. Stratified placement of compost did not enhance N mineralization compared to a homogeneous mixing. Our results suggested that simple modifications of the composting process (i.e. delayed addition and/or turning frequency) could significantly reduce N losses and improve the plant-nutritional value of compost.

KW - Journal Article

U2 - 10.1016/j.wasman.2017.04.001

DO - 10.1016/j.wasman.2017.04.001

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 28392123

VL - 65

SP - 169

EP - 177

JO - Waste Management

JF - Waste Management

SN - 0956-053X

ER -

ID: 180762290