Potential of aeration flow rate and bio-char addition to reduce greenhouse gas and ammonia emissions during manure composting

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

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Potential of aeration flow rate and bio-char addition to reduce greenhouse gas and ammonia emissions during manure composting. / Chowdhury, Md Albarune; de Neergaard, Andreas; Jensen, Lars Stoumann.

In: Chemosphere, Vol. 97, 2014, p. 16-25.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Chowdhury, MA, de Neergaard, A & Jensen, LS 2014, 'Potential of aeration flow rate and bio-char addition to reduce greenhouse gas and ammonia emissions during manure composting', Chemosphere, vol. 97, pp. 16-25. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2013.10.030

APA

Chowdhury, M. A., de Neergaard, A., & Jensen, L. S. (2014). Potential of aeration flow rate and bio-char addition to reduce greenhouse gas and ammonia emissions during manure composting. Chemosphere, 97, 16-25. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2013.10.030

Vancouver

Chowdhury MA, de Neergaard A, Jensen LS. Potential of aeration flow rate and bio-char addition to reduce greenhouse gas and ammonia emissions during manure composting. Chemosphere. 2014;97:16-25. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2013.10.030

Author

Chowdhury, Md Albarune ; de Neergaard, Andreas ; Jensen, Lars Stoumann. / Potential of aeration flow rate and bio-char addition to reduce greenhouse gas and ammonia emissions during manure composting. In: Chemosphere. 2014 ; Vol. 97. pp. 16-25.

Bibtex

@article{42a9aeee64374dee918408c0e0e0f26c,
title = "Potential of aeration flow rate and bio-char addition to reduce greenhouse gas and ammonia emissions during manure composting",
abstract = "Aeration is an important factor influencing CO2, CH4, N2O and NH3 emissions from the composting process. Both CH4 and N2O are potent greenhouse gases (GHG) of high importance. Here, we examined the effects of high and low aeration rates together with addition of barley straw with and without bio-char on GHG and NH3 emissions from composting cattle slurry and hen manure in small-scale laboratory composters. Depending on treatment, cumulative C losses via CO2 and CH4 emissions accounted for 11.4-22.5{\%} and 0.004-0.2{\%} of initial total carbon, while N losses as N2O and NH3 emissions comprised 0.05-0.1{\%} and 0.8-26.5{\%} of initial total nitrogen, respectively. Decreasing the flow rate reduced cumulative NH3 losses non-significantly (by 88{\%}) but significantly increased CH4 losses (by 51{\%}) from composting of cattle slurry with barley straw. Among the hen manure treatments evaluated, bio-char addition to composting hen manure and barley straw at low flow rates proved most effective in reducing cumulative NH3 and CH4 losses. Addition of bio-char in combination with barley straw to hen manure at both high and low flow rates reduced total GHG emissions (as CO2-equivalents) by 27-32{\%} compared with barley straw addition alone. Comparisons of flow rates showed that low flow could be an alternative strategy for reducing NH3 losses without any significant change in N2O emissions, pointing to the need for well-controlled composting conditions if gaseous emissions are to be minimised.",
keywords = "Aeration rate, Ammonia, Bio-char, Composting, Greenhouse gas, Manure",
author = "Chowdhury, {Md Albarune} and {de Neergaard}, Andreas and Jensen, {Lars Stoumann}",
year = "2014",
doi = "10.1016/j.chemosphere.2013.10.030",
language = "English",
volume = "97",
pages = "16--25",
journal = "Chemosphere",
issn = "0045-6535",
publisher = "Pergamon Press",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Potential of aeration flow rate and bio-char addition to reduce greenhouse gas and ammonia emissions during manure composting

AU - Chowdhury, Md Albarune

AU - de Neergaard, Andreas

AU - Jensen, Lars Stoumann

PY - 2014

Y1 - 2014

N2 - Aeration is an important factor influencing CO2, CH4, N2O and NH3 emissions from the composting process. Both CH4 and N2O are potent greenhouse gases (GHG) of high importance. Here, we examined the effects of high and low aeration rates together with addition of barley straw with and without bio-char on GHG and NH3 emissions from composting cattle slurry and hen manure in small-scale laboratory composters. Depending on treatment, cumulative C losses via CO2 and CH4 emissions accounted for 11.4-22.5% and 0.004-0.2% of initial total carbon, while N losses as N2O and NH3 emissions comprised 0.05-0.1% and 0.8-26.5% of initial total nitrogen, respectively. Decreasing the flow rate reduced cumulative NH3 losses non-significantly (by 88%) but significantly increased CH4 losses (by 51%) from composting of cattle slurry with barley straw. Among the hen manure treatments evaluated, bio-char addition to composting hen manure and barley straw at low flow rates proved most effective in reducing cumulative NH3 and CH4 losses. Addition of bio-char in combination with barley straw to hen manure at both high and low flow rates reduced total GHG emissions (as CO2-equivalents) by 27-32% compared with barley straw addition alone. Comparisons of flow rates showed that low flow could be an alternative strategy for reducing NH3 losses without any significant change in N2O emissions, pointing to the need for well-controlled composting conditions if gaseous emissions are to be minimised.

AB - Aeration is an important factor influencing CO2, CH4, N2O and NH3 emissions from the composting process. Both CH4 and N2O are potent greenhouse gases (GHG) of high importance. Here, we examined the effects of high and low aeration rates together with addition of barley straw with and without bio-char on GHG and NH3 emissions from composting cattle slurry and hen manure in small-scale laboratory composters. Depending on treatment, cumulative C losses via CO2 and CH4 emissions accounted for 11.4-22.5% and 0.004-0.2% of initial total carbon, while N losses as N2O and NH3 emissions comprised 0.05-0.1% and 0.8-26.5% of initial total nitrogen, respectively. Decreasing the flow rate reduced cumulative NH3 losses non-significantly (by 88%) but significantly increased CH4 losses (by 51%) from composting of cattle slurry with barley straw. Among the hen manure treatments evaluated, bio-char addition to composting hen manure and barley straw at low flow rates proved most effective in reducing cumulative NH3 and CH4 losses. Addition of bio-char in combination with barley straw to hen manure at both high and low flow rates reduced total GHG emissions (as CO2-equivalents) by 27-32% compared with barley straw addition alone. Comparisons of flow rates showed that low flow could be an alternative strategy for reducing NH3 losses without any significant change in N2O emissions, pointing to the need for well-controlled composting conditions if gaseous emissions are to be minimised.

KW - Aeration rate

KW - Ammonia

KW - Bio-char

KW - Composting

KW - Greenhouse gas

KW - Manure

U2 - 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2013.10.030

DO - 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2013.10.030

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 24210550

AN - SCOPUS:84892991625

VL - 97

SP - 16

EP - 25

JO - Chemosphere

JF - Chemosphere

SN - 0045-6535

ER -

ID: 130099330