Nitrogen fertilization affects silicon concentration, cell wall composition and biofuel potential of wheat straw

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Standard

Nitrogen fertilization affects silicon concentration, cell wall composition and biofuel potential of wheat straw. / Murozuka, Emiko; Laursen, Kristian Holst; Lindedam, Jane; Shield, Ian F.; Bruun, Sander; Magid, Jakob; Møller, Inge Skrumsager; Schjørring, Jan Kofod.

In: Biomass & Bioenergy, Vol. 64, 2014, p. 291-298.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Murozuka, E, Laursen, KH, Lindedam, J, Shield, IF, Bruun, S, Magid, J, Møller, IS & Schjørring, JK 2014, 'Nitrogen fertilization affects silicon concentration, cell wall composition and biofuel potential of wheat straw', Biomass & Bioenergy, vol. 64, pp. 291-298. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biombioe.2014.03.034

APA

Murozuka, E., Laursen, K. H., Lindedam, J., Shield, I. F., Bruun, S., Magid, J., ... Schjørring, J. K. (2014). Nitrogen fertilization affects silicon concentration, cell wall composition and biofuel potential of wheat straw. Biomass & Bioenergy, 64, 291-298. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biombioe.2014.03.034

Vancouver

Murozuka E, Laursen KH, Lindedam J, Shield IF, Bruun S, Magid J et al. Nitrogen fertilization affects silicon concentration, cell wall composition and biofuel potential of wheat straw. Biomass & Bioenergy. 2014;64:291-298. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biombioe.2014.03.034

Author

Murozuka, Emiko ; Laursen, Kristian Holst ; Lindedam, Jane ; Shield, Ian F. ; Bruun, Sander ; Magid, Jakob ; Møller, Inge Skrumsager ; Schjørring, Jan Kofod. / Nitrogen fertilization affects silicon concentration, cell wall composition and biofuel potential of wheat straw. In: Biomass & Bioenergy. 2014 ; Vol. 64. pp. 291-298.

Bibtex

@article{5e99af9671b041a4b187f59efa3c172d,
title = "Nitrogen fertilization affects silicon concentration, cell wall composition and biofuel potential of wheat straw",
abstract = "Nitrogen is an essential input factor required for plant growth and biomass production. However, very limited information is available on how nitrogen fertilization affects the quality of crop residues to be used as lignocellulosic feedstock. In the present study, straw of winter wheat plants grown at six different levels of nitrogen supply ranging from 48 to 288kg nitrogen ha-1 was analyzed for major cell wall components and mineral elements. Enzymatic digestion of the straw was carried out to evaluate the saccharification efficiency. The nitrogen concentration in the straw dry matter increased linearly from 0.32{\%} to 0.71{\%} over the range of nitrogen treatments. Cellulose and hemicellulose were not affected by the nitrogen supply while lignin peaked at medium rates of nitrogen application. The nitrogen treatments had a distinct influence on the silicon concentration, which decreased from 2.5{\%} to 1.5{\%} of the straw dry matter when the nitrogen supply increased from 48 to 192kgha-1. No further decline in Si occurred at higher rates of nitrogen application. The most abundant metals in the straw were potassium and calcium and their concentrations almost doubled over the range of nitrogen supplies. The enzymatic saccharification efficiency was negatively correlated with the rate of nitrogen supply. We conclude that the level of nitrogen supply to wheat plants alters the composition of cell wall components in the straw and that this may result in reduced saccharification efficiency.",
keywords = "Bioenergy, Nitrogen, Saccharification, Silicon, Wheat straw\",
author = "Emiko Murozuka and Laursen, {Kristian Holst} and Jane Lindedam and Shield, {Ian F.} and Sander Bruun and Jakob Magid and M{\o}ller, {Inge Skrumsager} and Schj{\o}rring, {Jan Kofod}",
year = "2014",
doi = "10.1016/j.biombioe.2014.03.034",
language = "English",
volume = "64",
pages = "291--298",
journal = "Biomass & Bioenergy",
issn = "0961-9534",
publisher = "Pergamon Press",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Nitrogen fertilization affects silicon concentration, cell wall composition and biofuel potential of wheat straw

AU - Murozuka, Emiko

AU - Laursen, Kristian Holst

AU - Lindedam, Jane

AU - Shield, Ian F.

AU - Bruun, Sander

AU - Magid, Jakob

AU - Møller, Inge Skrumsager

AU - Schjørring, Jan Kofod

PY - 2014

Y1 - 2014

N2 - Nitrogen is an essential input factor required for plant growth and biomass production. However, very limited information is available on how nitrogen fertilization affects the quality of crop residues to be used as lignocellulosic feedstock. In the present study, straw of winter wheat plants grown at six different levels of nitrogen supply ranging from 48 to 288kg nitrogen ha-1 was analyzed for major cell wall components and mineral elements. Enzymatic digestion of the straw was carried out to evaluate the saccharification efficiency. The nitrogen concentration in the straw dry matter increased linearly from 0.32% to 0.71% over the range of nitrogen treatments. Cellulose and hemicellulose were not affected by the nitrogen supply while lignin peaked at medium rates of nitrogen application. The nitrogen treatments had a distinct influence on the silicon concentration, which decreased from 2.5% to 1.5% of the straw dry matter when the nitrogen supply increased from 48 to 192kgha-1. No further decline in Si occurred at higher rates of nitrogen application. The most abundant metals in the straw were potassium and calcium and their concentrations almost doubled over the range of nitrogen supplies. The enzymatic saccharification efficiency was negatively correlated with the rate of nitrogen supply. We conclude that the level of nitrogen supply to wheat plants alters the composition of cell wall components in the straw and that this may result in reduced saccharification efficiency.

AB - Nitrogen is an essential input factor required for plant growth and biomass production. However, very limited information is available on how nitrogen fertilization affects the quality of crop residues to be used as lignocellulosic feedstock. In the present study, straw of winter wheat plants grown at six different levels of nitrogen supply ranging from 48 to 288kg nitrogen ha-1 was analyzed for major cell wall components and mineral elements. Enzymatic digestion of the straw was carried out to evaluate the saccharification efficiency. The nitrogen concentration in the straw dry matter increased linearly from 0.32% to 0.71% over the range of nitrogen treatments. Cellulose and hemicellulose were not affected by the nitrogen supply while lignin peaked at medium rates of nitrogen application. The nitrogen treatments had a distinct influence on the silicon concentration, which decreased from 2.5% to 1.5% of the straw dry matter when the nitrogen supply increased from 48 to 192kgha-1. No further decline in Si occurred at higher rates of nitrogen application. The most abundant metals in the straw were potassium and calcium and their concentrations almost doubled over the range of nitrogen supplies. The enzymatic saccharification efficiency was negatively correlated with the rate of nitrogen supply. We conclude that the level of nitrogen supply to wheat plants alters the composition of cell wall components in the straw and that this may result in reduced saccharification efficiency.

KW - Bioenergy

KW - Nitrogen

KW - Saccharification

KW - Silicon

KW - Wheat straw\

U2 - 10.1016/j.biombioe.2014.03.034

DO - 10.1016/j.biombioe.2014.03.034

M3 - Journal article

AN - SCOPUS:84899960946

VL - 64

SP - 291

EP - 298

JO - Biomass & Bioenergy

JF - Biomass & Bioenergy

SN - 0961-9534

ER -

ID: 130098768