Multi-scale measurements show limited soil greenhouse GAS emissions in Kenyan smallholder coffee-dairy systems

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Multi-scale measurements show limited soil greenhouse GAS emissions in Kenyan smallholder coffee-dairy systems. / Ortiz Gonzalo, Daniel; de Neergaard, Andreas; Vaast, Philippe; Suárez-Villanueva, Víctor; Oelofse, Myles; Rosenstock, Todd S.

In: Science of the Total Environment, Vol. 626, 2018, p. 328-339.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Ortiz Gonzalo, D, de Neergaard, A, Vaast, P, Suárez-Villanueva, V, Oelofse, M & Rosenstock, TS 2018, 'Multi-scale measurements show limited soil greenhouse GAS emissions in Kenyan smallholder coffee-dairy systems', Science of the Total Environment, vol. 626, pp. 328-339. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2017.12.247

APA

Ortiz Gonzalo, D., de Neergaard, A., Vaast, P., Suárez-Villanueva, V., Oelofse, M., & Rosenstock, T. S. (2018). Multi-scale measurements show limited soil greenhouse GAS emissions in Kenyan smallholder coffee-dairy systems. Science of the Total Environment, 626, 328-339. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2017.12.247

Vancouver

Ortiz Gonzalo D, de Neergaard A, Vaast P, Suárez-Villanueva V, Oelofse M, Rosenstock TS. Multi-scale measurements show limited soil greenhouse GAS emissions in Kenyan smallholder coffee-dairy systems. Science of the Total Environment. 2018;626:328-339. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2017.12.247

Author

Ortiz Gonzalo, Daniel ; de Neergaard, Andreas ; Vaast, Philippe ; Suárez-Villanueva, Víctor ; Oelofse, Myles ; Rosenstock, Todd S. / Multi-scale measurements show limited soil greenhouse GAS emissions in Kenyan smallholder coffee-dairy systems. In: Science of the Total Environment. 2018 ; Vol. 626. pp. 328-339.

Bibtex

@article{a591aafbf35241609933c85980d2ee1b,
title = "Multi-scale measurements show limited soil greenhouse GAS emissions in Kenyan smallholder coffee-dairy systems",
abstract = "Efforts have been made in recent years to improve knowledge about soil greenhouse gas (GHG) fluxes from sub-Saharan Africa. However, data on soil GHG emissions from smallholder coffee-dairy systems have not hitherto been measured experimentally. This study aimed to quantify soil GHG emissions at different spatial and temporal scales in smallholder coffee-dairy farms in Murang'a County, Central Kenya. GHG measurements were carried out for one year, comprising two cropping seasons, using vented static chambers and gas chromatography. Sixty rectangular frames were installed on two farms comprising the three main cropping systems found in the area: 1) coffee (Coffea arabica L.); 2) Napier grass (Pennisetum purpureum); and 3) maize intercropped with beans (Zea mays and Phaseolus vulgaris). Within these fields, chambers were allocated on fertilised and unfertilised locations to capture spatial variability. Cumulative annual fluxes in coffee plots ranged from 1 to 1.9 kg N2O-N ha− 1, 6.5 to 7.6 Mg CO2-C ha− 1 and − 3.4 to − 2.2 kg CH4 -C ha− 1, with 66{\%} to 94{\%} of annual GHG fluxes occurring during rainy seasons. Across the farm plots, coffee received most of the N inputs and had 56{\%} to 89{\%} higher emissions of N2O than Napier grass, maize and beans. Within farm plots, two to six times higher emissions were found in fertilised hotspots – around the perimeter of coffee trees or within planted maize rows – than in unfertilised locations between trees, rows and planting holes. Background and induced soil N2O emissions from fertiliser and manure applications in the three cropping systems were lower than hypothesized from previous studies and empirical models. This study supplements methods and underlying data for the quantification of GHG emissions at multiple spatial and temporal scales in tropical, smallholder farming systems. Advances towards overcoming the dearth of data will facilitate the understanding of synergies and tradeoffs of climate-smart approaches for low emissions development.",
keywords = "Carbon dioxide, Hot moments, Hotspots, Methane, Mixed crop-livestock systems, Nitrous oxide",
author = "{Ortiz Gonzalo}, Daniel and {de Neergaard}, Andreas and Philippe Vaast and V{\'i}ctor Su{\'a}rez-Villanueva and Myles Oelofse and Rosenstock, {Todd S.}",
year = "2018",
doi = "10.1016/j.scitotenv.2017.12.247",
language = "English",
volume = "626",
pages = "328--339",
journal = "Science of the Total Environment",
issn = "0048-9697",
publisher = "Elsevier",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Multi-scale measurements show limited soil greenhouse GAS emissions in Kenyan smallholder coffee-dairy systems

AU - Ortiz Gonzalo, Daniel

AU - de Neergaard, Andreas

AU - Vaast, Philippe

AU - Suárez-Villanueva, Víctor

AU - Oelofse, Myles

AU - Rosenstock, Todd S.

PY - 2018

Y1 - 2018

N2 - Efforts have been made in recent years to improve knowledge about soil greenhouse gas (GHG) fluxes from sub-Saharan Africa. However, data on soil GHG emissions from smallholder coffee-dairy systems have not hitherto been measured experimentally. This study aimed to quantify soil GHG emissions at different spatial and temporal scales in smallholder coffee-dairy farms in Murang'a County, Central Kenya. GHG measurements were carried out for one year, comprising two cropping seasons, using vented static chambers and gas chromatography. Sixty rectangular frames were installed on two farms comprising the three main cropping systems found in the area: 1) coffee (Coffea arabica L.); 2) Napier grass (Pennisetum purpureum); and 3) maize intercropped with beans (Zea mays and Phaseolus vulgaris). Within these fields, chambers were allocated on fertilised and unfertilised locations to capture spatial variability. Cumulative annual fluxes in coffee plots ranged from 1 to 1.9 kg N2O-N ha− 1, 6.5 to 7.6 Mg CO2-C ha− 1 and − 3.4 to − 2.2 kg CH4 -C ha− 1, with 66% to 94% of annual GHG fluxes occurring during rainy seasons. Across the farm plots, coffee received most of the N inputs and had 56% to 89% higher emissions of N2O than Napier grass, maize and beans. Within farm plots, two to six times higher emissions were found in fertilised hotspots – around the perimeter of coffee trees or within planted maize rows – than in unfertilised locations between trees, rows and planting holes. Background and induced soil N2O emissions from fertiliser and manure applications in the three cropping systems were lower than hypothesized from previous studies and empirical models. This study supplements methods and underlying data for the quantification of GHG emissions at multiple spatial and temporal scales in tropical, smallholder farming systems. Advances towards overcoming the dearth of data will facilitate the understanding of synergies and tradeoffs of climate-smart approaches for low emissions development.

AB - Efforts have been made in recent years to improve knowledge about soil greenhouse gas (GHG) fluxes from sub-Saharan Africa. However, data on soil GHG emissions from smallholder coffee-dairy systems have not hitherto been measured experimentally. This study aimed to quantify soil GHG emissions at different spatial and temporal scales in smallholder coffee-dairy farms in Murang'a County, Central Kenya. GHG measurements were carried out for one year, comprising two cropping seasons, using vented static chambers and gas chromatography. Sixty rectangular frames were installed on two farms comprising the three main cropping systems found in the area: 1) coffee (Coffea arabica L.); 2) Napier grass (Pennisetum purpureum); and 3) maize intercropped with beans (Zea mays and Phaseolus vulgaris). Within these fields, chambers were allocated on fertilised and unfertilised locations to capture spatial variability. Cumulative annual fluxes in coffee plots ranged from 1 to 1.9 kg N2O-N ha− 1, 6.5 to 7.6 Mg CO2-C ha− 1 and − 3.4 to − 2.2 kg CH4 -C ha− 1, with 66% to 94% of annual GHG fluxes occurring during rainy seasons. Across the farm plots, coffee received most of the N inputs and had 56% to 89% higher emissions of N2O than Napier grass, maize and beans. Within farm plots, two to six times higher emissions were found in fertilised hotspots – around the perimeter of coffee trees or within planted maize rows – than in unfertilised locations between trees, rows and planting holes. Background and induced soil N2O emissions from fertiliser and manure applications in the three cropping systems were lower than hypothesized from previous studies and empirical models. This study supplements methods and underlying data for the quantification of GHG emissions at multiple spatial and temporal scales in tropical, smallholder farming systems. Advances towards overcoming the dearth of data will facilitate the understanding of synergies and tradeoffs of climate-smart approaches for low emissions development.

KW - Carbon dioxide

KW - Hot moments

KW - Hotspots

KW - Methane

KW - Mixed crop-livestock systems

KW - Nitrous oxide

U2 - 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2017.12.247

DO - 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2017.12.247

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 29348066

AN - SCOPUS:85040687377

VL - 626

SP - 328

EP - 339

JO - Science of the Total Environment

JF - Science of the Total Environment

SN - 0048-9697

ER -

ID: 190430947