Facilitation of phosphorus uptake in maize plants by mycorrhizosphere bacteria

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  • Fabio Battini
  • Mette Grønlund
  • Monica Agnolucci
  • Manuela Giovannetti
  • Iver Jakobsen

A major challenge for agriculture is to provide sufficient plant nutrients such as phosphorus (P) to meet the global food demand. The sufficiency of P is a concern because of it's essential role in plant growth, the finite availability of P-rock for fertilizer production and the poor plant availability of soil P. This study investigated whether biofertilizers and bioenhancers, such as arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) and their associated bacteria could enhance growth and P uptake in maize. Plants were grown with or without mycorrhizas in compartmented pots with radioactive P tracers and were inoculated with each of 10 selected bacteria isolated from AMF spores. Root colonization by AMF produced large plant growth responses, while seven bacterial strains further facilitated root growth and P uptake by promoting the development of AMF extraradical mycelium. Among the tested strains, Streptomyces sp. W94 produced the largest increases in uptake and translocation of (33)P, while Streptomyces sp. W77 highly enhanced hyphal length specific uptake of (33)P. The positive relationship between AMF-mediated P absorption and shoot P content was significantly influenced by the bacteria inoculants and such results emphasize the potential importance of managing both AMF and their microbiota for improving P acquisition by crops.

Original languageEnglish
Article number4686
JournalScientific Reports
Number of pages11
Publication statusPublished - 2017

    Research areas

  • Journal Article

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