External nitrogen input affects pre- and post-harvest cell wall composition but not the enzymatic saccharification of wheat straw

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External nitrogen input affects pre- and post-harvest cell wall composition but not the enzymatic saccharification of wheat straw. / Baldwin, Laetitia Andrée; Glazowska, Sylwia Emilia; Mravec, Jozef; Fangel, Jonatan Ulrik; Zhang, Heng; Felby, Claus; Willats, William George Tycho; Schjørring, Jan Kofod.

In: Biomass & Bioenergy, Vol. 98, 2017, p. 70-79.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Baldwin, LA, Glazowska, SE, Mravec, J, Fangel, JU, Zhang, H, Felby, C, Willats, WGT & Schjørring, JK 2017, 'External nitrogen input affects pre- and post-harvest cell wall composition but not the enzymatic saccharification of wheat straw', Biomass & Bioenergy, vol. 98, pp. 70-79. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biombioe.2017.01.009

APA

Baldwin, L. A., Glazowska, S. E., Mravec, J., Fangel, J. U., Zhang, H., Felby, C., ... Schjørring, J. K. (2017). External nitrogen input affects pre- and post-harvest cell wall composition but not the enzymatic saccharification of wheat straw. Biomass & Bioenergy, 98, 70-79. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biombioe.2017.01.009

Vancouver

Baldwin LA, Glazowska SE, Mravec J, Fangel JU, Zhang H, Felby C et al. External nitrogen input affects pre- and post-harvest cell wall composition but not the enzymatic saccharification of wheat straw. Biomass & Bioenergy. 2017;98:70-79. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biombioe.2017.01.009

Author

Baldwin, Laetitia Andrée ; Glazowska, Sylwia Emilia ; Mravec, Jozef ; Fangel, Jonatan Ulrik ; Zhang, Heng ; Felby, Claus ; Willats, William George Tycho ; Schjørring, Jan Kofod. / External nitrogen input affects pre- and post-harvest cell wall composition but not the enzymatic saccharification of wheat straw. In: Biomass & Bioenergy. 2017 ; Vol. 98. pp. 70-79.

Bibtex

@article{25cd7106841e4a689f20d34edbd15b43,
title = "External nitrogen input affects pre- and post-harvest cell wall composition but not the enzymatic saccharification of wheat straw",
abstract = "Wheat is one of the most important crops for food and feed and its straw is a potential feedstock for biorefinery purposes. Nitrogen (N) is an essential input factor in wheat agriculture but no information is available on how it affects straw composition during maturation and at harvest. To investigate this, we conducted a large scale field experiment in which wheat plants were cultivated at three levels of externally applied N. The plants were harvested at different stages of maturation, spanning green straw at heading (ear emergence) to fully yellow straw at final maturity. Defined parts of the straw were analyzed for cell wall characteristics relevant for further biomass processing. The straw N concentration corroborated with the level of N input, but the yield of straw biomass was not largely affected. High N treatment modified cell wall composition, namely increased abundance of arabinogalactan proteins (AGPs) and lignin in the mature straw. A general decrease in pectin methylesterification as well as in ferulate linkages was also observed. Importantly, no significant changes in crystalline cellulose and silicon concentration or in saccharification efficiency were observed among the different N treatments. Nitrogen fertilization partially alters the cell wall composition in wheat straw but is not a limiting factor in wheat biomass refinery.",
keywords = "Biomass, Cell wall composition, Nitrogen, Saccharification, Wheat straw",
author = "Baldwin, {Laetitia Andr{\'e}e} and Glazowska, {Sylwia Emilia} and Jozef Mravec and Fangel, {Jonatan Ulrik} and Heng Zhang and Claus Felby and Willats, {William George Tycho} and Schj{\o}rring, {Jan Kofod}",
year = "2017",
doi = "10.1016/j.biombioe.2017.01.009",
language = "English",
volume = "98",
pages = "70--79",
journal = "Biomass & Bioenergy",
issn = "0961-9534",
publisher = "Pergamon Press",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - External nitrogen input affects pre- and post-harvest cell wall composition but not the enzymatic saccharification of wheat straw

AU - Baldwin, Laetitia Andrée

AU - Glazowska, Sylwia Emilia

AU - Mravec, Jozef

AU - Fangel, Jonatan Ulrik

AU - Zhang, Heng

AU - Felby, Claus

AU - Willats, William George Tycho

AU - Schjørring, Jan Kofod

PY - 2017

Y1 - 2017

N2 - Wheat is one of the most important crops for food and feed and its straw is a potential feedstock for biorefinery purposes. Nitrogen (N) is an essential input factor in wheat agriculture but no information is available on how it affects straw composition during maturation and at harvest. To investigate this, we conducted a large scale field experiment in which wheat plants were cultivated at three levels of externally applied N. The plants were harvested at different stages of maturation, spanning green straw at heading (ear emergence) to fully yellow straw at final maturity. Defined parts of the straw were analyzed for cell wall characteristics relevant for further biomass processing. The straw N concentration corroborated with the level of N input, but the yield of straw biomass was not largely affected. High N treatment modified cell wall composition, namely increased abundance of arabinogalactan proteins (AGPs) and lignin in the mature straw. A general decrease in pectin methylesterification as well as in ferulate linkages was also observed. Importantly, no significant changes in crystalline cellulose and silicon concentration or in saccharification efficiency were observed among the different N treatments. Nitrogen fertilization partially alters the cell wall composition in wheat straw but is not a limiting factor in wheat biomass refinery.

AB - Wheat is one of the most important crops for food and feed and its straw is a potential feedstock for biorefinery purposes. Nitrogen (N) is an essential input factor in wheat agriculture but no information is available on how it affects straw composition during maturation and at harvest. To investigate this, we conducted a large scale field experiment in which wheat plants were cultivated at three levels of externally applied N. The plants were harvested at different stages of maturation, spanning green straw at heading (ear emergence) to fully yellow straw at final maturity. Defined parts of the straw were analyzed for cell wall characteristics relevant for further biomass processing. The straw N concentration corroborated with the level of N input, but the yield of straw biomass was not largely affected. High N treatment modified cell wall composition, namely increased abundance of arabinogalactan proteins (AGPs) and lignin in the mature straw. A general decrease in pectin methylesterification as well as in ferulate linkages was also observed. Importantly, no significant changes in crystalline cellulose and silicon concentration or in saccharification efficiency were observed among the different N treatments. Nitrogen fertilization partially alters the cell wall composition in wheat straw but is not a limiting factor in wheat biomass refinery.

KW - Biomass

KW - Cell wall composition

KW - Nitrogen

KW - Saccharification

KW - Wheat straw

U2 - 10.1016/j.biombioe.2017.01.009

DO - 10.1016/j.biombioe.2017.01.009

M3 - Journal article

AN - SCOPUS:85009473771

VL - 98

SP - 70

EP - 79

JO - Biomass & Bioenergy

JF - Biomass & Bioenergy

SN - 0961-9534

ER -

ID: 179271081