Enhancing the phosphorus bioavailability of thermally converted sewage sludge by phosphate-solubilising fungi

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Standard

Enhancing the phosphorus bioavailability of thermally converted sewage sludge by phosphate-solubilising fungi. / Raymond, Nelly Sophie; Jensen, Lars Stoumann; Stöver, Dorette Müller.

In: Ecological Engineering, Vol. 120, 2018, p. 44-53.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Raymond, NS, Jensen, LS & Stöver, DM 2018, 'Enhancing the phosphorus bioavailability of thermally converted sewage sludge by phosphate-solubilising fungi', Ecological Engineering, vol. 120, pp. 44-53. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecoleng.2018.05.026

APA

Raymond, N. S., Jensen, L. S., & Stöver, D. M. (2018). Enhancing the phosphorus bioavailability of thermally converted sewage sludge by phosphate-solubilising fungi. Ecological Engineering, 120, 44-53. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecoleng.2018.05.026

Vancouver

Raymond NS, Jensen LS, Stöver DM. Enhancing the phosphorus bioavailability of thermally converted sewage sludge by phosphate-solubilising fungi. Ecological Engineering. 2018;120:44-53. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecoleng.2018.05.026

Author

Raymond, Nelly Sophie ; Jensen, Lars Stoumann ; Stöver, Dorette Müller. / Enhancing the phosphorus bioavailability of thermally converted sewage sludge by phosphate-solubilising fungi. In: Ecological Engineering. 2018 ; Vol. 120. pp. 44-53.

Bibtex

@article{7bee0ea09cb14ea191b9b50fb2107b68,
title = "Enhancing the phosphorus bioavailability of thermally converted sewage sludge by phosphate-solubilising fungi",
abstract = "Biochars and ashes from sewage sludge have a high phosphorus (P) content, but plant P availability is typically rather low. Phosphate-solubilising microorganisms (PSM) have been shown to have the ability to solubilise P from different compounds. The aim of this study was to explore the P-solubilisation potential of different PSM on various biochars and ashes, and the effect of the addition of different carbon (C) and nitrogen (N) sources on their P-solubilisation activity. The most promising combination of PSM, thermal residue and nutrients was then tested for its effect on plant growth and P uptake in a pot trial. Six PSM strains (four Penicillium bilaiae (Pb), one Penicillium aculeatum (Pa) and one Aspergillus niger (An)) were tested on two sewage sludge ashes and one biochar. Pb.4 and An showed the highest P-solubilisation rates on fluid-bed incineration (FB-I) ash. Pb.4 solubilised higher amounts of P when it was supplied with fructose in combination with NH 4-N, while An performed equally well with fructose, maltose, mannose and xylose in combination with NH 4-N. Increasing the concentration of the C source generally also increased the P solubilisation. However, when FB-I ash was inoculated with Pb.4 plus xylose/NH 4-N and applied to spring wheat in a pot trial with γ-irradiated soil, the inoculation did not significantly affect plant shoot biomass or P uptake. The results indicate that the amount and temporal availability of P solubilised by the fungal strain from the ash did not match plant requirements, suggesting that further work is required that focuses on further increasing solubilisation efficiency.",
keywords = "P solubilisation, Biofertiliser, Ash, Biochar, Recycling, Phosphorus",
author = "Raymond, {Nelly Sophie} and Jensen, {Lars Stoumann} and St{\"o}ver, {Dorette M{\"u}ller}",
year = "2018",
doi = "10.1016/j.ecoleng.2018.05.026",
language = "English",
volume = "120",
pages = "44--53",
journal = "Ecological Engineering",
issn = "0925-8574",
publisher = "Elsevier",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Enhancing the phosphorus bioavailability of thermally converted sewage sludge by phosphate-solubilising fungi

AU - Raymond, Nelly Sophie

AU - Jensen, Lars Stoumann

AU - Stöver, Dorette Müller

PY - 2018

Y1 - 2018

N2 - Biochars and ashes from sewage sludge have a high phosphorus (P) content, but plant P availability is typically rather low. Phosphate-solubilising microorganisms (PSM) have been shown to have the ability to solubilise P from different compounds. The aim of this study was to explore the P-solubilisation potential of different PSM on various biochars and ashes, and the effect of the addition of different carbon (C) and nitrogen (N) sources on their P-solubilisation activity. The most promising combination of PSM, thermal residue and nutrients was then tested for its effect on plant growth and P uptake in a pot trial. Six PSM strains (four Penicillium bilaiae (Pb), one Penicillium aculeatum (Pa) and one Aspergillus niger (An)) were tested on two sewage sludge ashes and one biochar. Pb.4 and An showed the highest P-solubilisation rates on fluid-bed incineration (FB-I) ash. Pb.4 solubilised higher amounts of P when it was supplied with fructose in combination with NH 4-N, while An performed equally well with fructose, maltose, mannose and xylose in combination with NH 4-N. Increasing the concentration of the C source generally also increased the P solubilisation. However, when FB-I ash was inoculated with Pb.4 plus xylose/NH 4-N and applied to spring wheat in a pot trial with γ-irradiated soil, the inoculation did not significantly affect plant shoot biomass or P uptake. The results indicate that the amount and temporal availability of P solubilised by the fungal strain from the ash did not match plant requirements, suggesting that further work is required that focuses on further increasing solubilisation efficiency.

AB - Biochars and ashes from sewage sludge have a high phosphorus (P) content, but plant P availability is typically rather low. Phosphate-solubilising microorganisms (PSM) have been shown to have the ability to solubilise P from different compounds. The aim of this study was to explore the P-solubilisation potential of different PSM on various biochars and ashes, and the effect of the addition of different carbon (C) and nitrogen (N) sources on their P-solubilisation activity. The most promising combination of PSM, thermal residue and nutrients was then tested for its effect on plant growth and P uptake in a pot trial. Six PSM strains (four Penicillium bilaiae (Pb), one Penicillium aculeatum (Pa) and one Aspergillus niger (An)) were tested on two sewage sludge ashes and one biochar. Pb.4 and An showed the highest P-solubilisation rates on fluid-bed incineration (FB-I) ash. Pb.4 solubilised higher amounts of P when it was supplied with fructose in combination with NH 4-N, while An performed equally well with fructose, maltose, mannose and xylose in combination with NH 4-N. Increasing the concentration of the C source generally also increased the P solubilisation. However, when FB-I ash was inoculated with Pb.4 plus xylose/NH 4-N and applied to spring wheat in a pot trial with γ-irradiated soil, the inoculation did not significantly affect plant shoot biomass or P uptake. The results indicate that the amount and temporal availability of P solubilised by the fungal strain from the ash did not match plant requirements, suggesting that further work is required that focuses on further increasing solubilisation efficiency.

KW - P solubilisation

KW - Biofertiliser

KW - Ash

KW - Biochar

KW - Recycling

KW - Phosphorus

U2 - 10.1016/j.ecoleng.2018.05.026

DO - 10.1016/j.ecoleng.2018.05.026

M3 - Journal article

VL - 120

SP - 44

EP - 53

JO - Ecological Engineering

JF - Ecological Engineering

SN - 0925-8574

ER -

ID: 204467303