Characterization and partial purification of β-1,3-d-glucan (callose) synthase from barley (Hordeum vulgare) leaves

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Characterization and partial purification of β-1,3-d-glucan (callose) synthase from barley (Hordeum vulgare) leaves. / Pedersen, Lars Hagsholm; Jacobsen, Susanne; Hejgaard, Jørn; Rasmussen, Søren Kjærsgaard.

In: Plant Science, Vol. 91, No. 2, 01.01.1993, p. 127-138.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Pedersen, LH, Jacobsen, S, Hejgaard, J & Rasmussen, SK 1993, 'Characterization and partial purification of β-1,3-d-glucan (callose) synthase from barley (Hordeum vulgare) leaves', Plant Science, vol. 91, no. 2, pp. 127-138. https://doi.org/10.1016/0168-9452(93)90136-N

APA

Pedersen, L. H., Jacobsen, S., Hejgaard, J., & Rasmussen, S. K. (1993). Characterization and partial purification of β-1,3-d-glucan (callose) synthase from barley (Hordeum vulgare) leaves. Plant Science, 91(2), 127-138. https://doi.org/10.1016/0168-9452(93)90136-N

Vancouver

Pedersen LH, Jacobsen S, Hejgaard J, Rasmussen SK. Characterization and partial purification of β-1,3-d-glucan (callose) synthase from barley (Hordeum vulgare) leaves. Plant Science. 1993 Jan 1;91(2):127-138. https://doi.org/10.1016/0168-9452(93)90136-N

Author

Pedersen, Lars Hagsholm ; Jacobsen, Susanne ; Hejgaard, Jørn ; Rasmussen, Søren Kjærsgaard. / Characterization and partial purification of β-1,3-d-glucan (callose) synthase from barley (Hordeum vulgare) leaves. In: Plant Science. 1993 ; Vol. 91, No. 2. pp. 127-138.

Bibtex

@article{36a7631a759a4a27abcbedd6f5d38d7e,
title = "Characterization and partial purification of β-1,3-d-glucan (callose) synthase from barley (Hordeum vulgare) leaves",
abstract = "The plasma membrane bound β-1,3-d-glucan (callose) synthase, assumed to be involved in the resistance to the powdery mildew fungus (Erysiphe graminis f.sp. hordei), was partially purified from a microsomal fraction of green barley leaves (Hordeum vulgare L.). Plasma membranes were enriched by aqueous polymer two-phase partitioning of the microsomal fraction in a polyethylene glycol 3350/Dextran T-500 system. The plasma membrane bound callose synthase was dependent on uridine 5′diphosphate (UDP)-glucose (Km 0.39 mM) and was activated by Ca2+, digitonin, cellobiose and polyamines. The enzyme was inhibited by UDP and uridine 5′triphosphate (UTP). Glucanase digestion of the in vitro product showed that it was a β-1,3-linked polysaccharide. Two different procedures were used for further enrichment of polypeptides involved in callose synthase activity. Sucrose gradient centrifugation with concomitant product entrapment showed enrichment of four polypeptides with relative molecular masses (Mrs) of 36, 52, 66 and 170 kDa. Non-denaturing polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (PAGE) separated the callose synthase from most of the other plasma membrane proteins. Sodium dodecyl sulphate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) of the proteins in the callose activity stained zone revealed six dominant polypeptides with Mrs of 36, 52, 54, 60, 70 an d94 kDa. The 36 and 52 kDa polypeptides were found by both methods suggesting that they could constitute true components of the barley leaf callose synthase. These results are in accordance with previous attempts to isolate the polypeptides involved in callose synthesis from dicot plants.",
keywords = "callose synthase, digitonin, Hordeum vulgare, native gel electrophoresis, plasma membrane, product entrapment",
author = "Pedersen, {Lars Hagsholm} and Susanne Jacobsen and J{\o}rn Hejgaard and Rasmussen, {S{\o}ren Kj{\ae}rsgaard}",
year = "1993",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/0168-9452(93)90136-N",
language = "English",
volume = "91",
pages = "127--138",
journal = "Plant Science",
issn = "0168-9452",
publisher = "Elsevier Ireland Ltd",
number = "2",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Characterization and partial purification of β-1,3-d-glucan (callose) synthase from barley (Hordeum vulgare) leaves

AU - Pedersen, Lars Hagsholm

AU - Jacobsen, Susanne

AU - Hejgaard, Jørn

AU - Rasmussen, Søren Kjærsgaard

PY - 1993/1/1

Y1 - 1993/1/1

N2 - The plasma membrane bound β-1,3-d-glucan (callose) synthase, assumed to be involved in the resistance to the powdery mildew fungus (Erysiphe graminis f.sp. hordei), was partially purified from a microsomal fraction of green barley leaves (Hordeum vulgare L.). Plasma membranes were enriched by aqueous polymer two-phase partitioning of the microsomal fraction in a polyethylene glycol 3350/Dextran T-500 system. The plasma membrane bound callose synthase was dependent on uridine 5′diphosphate (UDP)-glucose (Km 0.39 mM) and was activated by Ca2+, digitonin, cellobiose and polyamines. The enzyme was inhibited by UDP and uridine 5′triphosphate (UTP). Glucanase digestion of the in vitro product showed that it was a β-1,3-linked polysaccharide. Two different procedures were used for further enrichment of polypeptides involved in callose synthase activity. Sucrose gradient centrifugation with concomitant product entrapment showed enrichment of four polypeptides with relative molecular masses (Mrs) of 36, 52, 66 and 170 kDa. Non-denaturing polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (PAGE) separated the callose synthase from most of the other plasma membrane proteins. Sodium dodecyl sulphate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) of the proteins in the callose activity stained zone revealed six dominant polypeptides with Mrs of 36, 52, 54, 60, 70 an d94 kDa. The 36 and 52 kDa polypeptides were found by both methods suggesting that they could constitute true components of the barley leaf callose synthase. These results are in accordance with previous attempts to isolate the polypeptides involved in callose synthesis from dicot plants.

AB - The plasma membrane bound β-1,3-d-glucan (callose) synthase, assumed to be involved in the resistance to the powdery mildew fungus (Erysiphe graminis f.sp. hordei), was partially purified from a microsomal fraction of green barley leaves (Hordeum vulgare L.). Plasma membranes were enriched by aqueous polymer two-phase partitioning of the microsomal fraction in a polyethylene glycol 3350/Dextran T-500 system. The plasma membrane bound callose synthase was dependent on uridine 5′diphosphate (UDP)-glucose (Km 0.39 mM) and was activated by Ca2+, digitonin, cellobiose and polyamines. The enzyme was inhibited by UDP and uridine 5′triphosphate (UTP). Glucanase digestion of the in vitro product showed that it was a β-1,3-linked polysaccharide. Two different procedures were used for further enrichment of polypeptides involved in callose synthase activity. Sucrose gradient centrifugation with concomitant product entrapment showed enrichment of four polypeptides with relative molecular masses (Mrs) of 36, 52, 66 and 170 kDa. Non-denaturing polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (PAGE) separated the callose synthase from most of the other plasma membrane proteins. Sodium dodecyl sulphate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) of the proteins in the callose activity stained zone revealed six dominant polypeptides with Mrs of 36, 52, 54, 60, 70 an d94 kDa. The 36 and 52 kDa polypeptides were found by both methods suggesting that they could constitute true components of the barley leaf callose synthase. These results are in accordance with previous attempts to isolate the polypeptides involved in callose synthesis from dicot plants.

KW - callose synthase

KW - digitonin

KW - Hordeum vulgare

KW - native gel electrophoresis

KW - plasma membrane

KW - product entrapment

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0027132732&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/0168-9452(93)90136-N

DO - 10.1016/0168-9452(93)90136-N

M3 - Journal article

AN - SCOPUS:0027132732

VL - 91

SP - 127

EP - 138

JO - Plant Science

JF - Plant Science

SN - 0168-9452

IS - 2

ER -

ID: 204470865