Changes imposed by pyrolysis, thermal gasification and incineration on composition and phosphorus fertilizer quality of municipal sewage sludge

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Standard

Changes imposed by pyrolysis, thermal gasification and incineration on composition and phosphorus fertilizer quality of municipal sewage sludge. / Thomsen, Tobias Pape; Sárossy, Zsuzsa; Ahrenfeldt, Jesper; Henriksen, Ulrik B; Frandsen, Flemming J; Müller-Stöver, Dorette Sophie.

In: Journal of Environmental Management, Vol. 198, No. Part 1, 2017, p. 308-318.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Thomsen, TP, Sárossy, Z, Ahrenfeldt, J, Henriksen, UB, Frandsen, FJ & Müller-Stöver, DS 2017, 'Changes imposed by pyrolysis, thermal gasification and incineration on composition and phosphorus fertilizer quality of municipal sewage sludge', Journal of Environmental Management, vol. 198, no. Part 1, pp. 308-318. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2017.04.072

APA

Thomsen, T. P., Sárossy, Z., Ahrenfeldt, J., Henriksen, U. B., Frandsen, F. J., & Müller-Stöver, D. S. (2017). Changes imposed by pyrolysis, thermal gasification and incineration on composition and phosphorus fertilizer quality of municipal sewage sludge. Journal of Environmental Management, 198(Part 1), 308-318. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2017.04.072

Vancouver

Thomsen TP, Sárossy Z, Ahrenfeldt J, Henriksen UB, Frandsen FJ, Müller-Stöver DS. Changes imposed by pyrolysis, thermal gasification and incineration on composition and phosphorus fertilizer quality of municipal sewage sludge. Journal of Environmental Management. 2017;198(Part 1):308-318. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2017.04.072

Author

Thomsen, Tobias Pape ; Sárossy, Zsuzsa ; Ahrenfeldt, Jesper ; Henriksen, Ulrik B ; Frandsen, Flemming J ; Müller-Stöver, Dorette Sophie. / Changes imposed by pyrolysis, thermal gasification and incineration on composition and phosphorus fertilizer quality of municipal sewage sludge. In: Journal of Environmental Management. 2017 ; Vol. 198, No. Part 1. pp. 308-318.

Bibtex

@article{01820e46a3c74f14ba4db4876ec03510,
title = "Changes imposed by pyrolysis, thermal gasification and incineration on composition and phosphorus fertilizer quality of municipal sewage sludge",
abstract = "Fertilizer quality of ash and char from incineration, gasification and pyrolysis of a single municipal sewage sludge sample were investigated by comparing composition and phosphorus (P) plant availability. A process for post oxidation of gasification ash and pyrolysis char was developed and the oxidized materials were investigated as well. Sequential extraction with full elemental balances of the extracted pools as well as scanning electron microscopy with energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy were used to investigate the mechanisms driving the observed differences in composition and P plant availability in a short-term soil incubation study. The compositional changes related mainly to differences in the proximate composition as well as to the release of especially nitrogen, sulfur, cadmium and to some extent, phosphorus (P). The cadmium load per unit of P was reduced with 75-85{\%} in gasification processes and 10-15{\%} in pyrolysis whereas no reduction was observed in incineration processes. The influence on other heavy metals was less pronounced. The plant availability of P in the substrates varied from almost zero to almost 100{\%} of the plant availability of P in the untreated sludge. Post-oxidized slow pyrolysis char was found to be the substrate with the highest P fertilizer value while ash from commercial fluid bed sludge incineration had the lowest P fertilizer quality. The high P fertilizer value in the best substrate is suggested to be a function of several different mechanisms including structural surface changes and improvements in the association of P to especially magnesium, calcium and aluminum.",
keywords = "Journal Article",
author = "Thomsen, {Tobias Pape} and Zsuzsa S{\'a}rossy and Jesper Ahrenfeldt and Henriksen, {Ulrik B} and Frandsen, {Flemming J} and M{\"u}ller-St{\"o}ver, {Dorette Sophie}",
note = "Copyright {\circledC} 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.",
year = "2017",
doi = "10.1016/j.jenvman.2017.04.072",
language = "English",
volume = "198",
pages = "308--318",
journal = "Journal of Environmental Management",
issn = "0301-4797",
publisher = "Academic Press",
number = "Part 1",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Changes imposed by pyrolysis, thermal gasification and incineration on composition and phosphorus fertilizer quality of municipal sewage sludge

AU - Thomsen, Tobias Pape

AU - Sárossy, Zsuzsa

AU - Ahrenfeldt, Jesper

AU - Henriksen, Ulrik B

AU - Frandsen, Flemming J

AU - Müller-Stöver, Dorette Sophie

N1 - Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

PY - 2017

Y1 - 2017

N2 - Fertilizer quality of ash and char from incineration, gasification and pyrolysis of a single municipal sewage sludge sample were investigated by comparing composition and phosphorus (P) plant availability. A process for post oxidation of gasification ash and pyrolysis char was developed and the oxidized materials were investigated as well. Sequential extraction with full elemental balances of the extracted pools as well as scanning electron microscopy with energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy were used to investigate the mechanisms driving the observed differences in composition and P plant availability in a short-term soil incubation study. The compositional changes related mainly to differences in the proximate composition as well as to the release of especially nitrogen, sulfur, cadmium and to some extent, phosphorus (P). The cadmium load per unit of P was reduced with 75-85% in gasification processes and 10-15% in pyrolysis whereas no reduction was observed in incineration processes. The influence on other heavy metals was less pronounced. The plant availability of P in the substrates varied from almost zero to almost 100% of the plant availability of P in the untreated sludge. Post-oxidized slow pyrolysis char was found to be the substrate with the highest P fertilizer value while ash from commercial fluid bed sludge incineration had the lowest P fertilizer quality. The high P fertilizer value in the best substrate is suggested to be a function of several different mechanisms including structural surface changes and improvements in the association of P to especially magnesium, calcium and aluminum.

AB - Fertilizer quality of ash and char from incineration, gasification and pyrolysis of a single municipal sewage sludge sample were investigated by comparing composition and phosphorus (P) plant availability. A process for post oxidation of gasification ash and pyrolysis char was developed and the oxidized materials were investigated as well. Sequential extraction with full elemental balances of the extracted pools as well as scanning electron microscopy with energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy were used to investigate the mechanisms driving the observed differences in composition and P plant availability in a short-term soil incubation study. The compositional changes related mainly to differences in the proximate composition as well as to the release of especially nitrogen, sulfur, cadmium and to some extent, phosphorus (P). The cadmium load per unit of P was reduced with 75-85% in gasification processes and 10-15% in pyrolysis whereas no reduction was observed in incineration processes. The influence on other heavy metals was less pronounced. The plant availability of P in the substrates varied from almost zero to almost 100% of the plant availability of P in the untreated sludge. Post-oxidized slow pyrolysis char was found to be the substrate with the highest P fertilizer value while ash from commercial fluid bed sludge incineration had the lowest P fertilizer quality. The high P fertilizer value in the best substrate is suggested to be a function of several different mechanisms including structural surface changes and improvements in the association of P to especially magnesium, calcium and aluminum.

KW - Journal Article

U2 - 10.1016/j.jenvman.2017.04.072

DO - 10.1016/j.jenvman.2017.04.072

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 28478348

VL - 198

SP - 308

EP - 318

JO - Journal of Environmental Management

JF - Journal of Environmental Management

SN - 0301-4797

IS - Part 1

ER -

ID: 180939052