Perennial flower strips for pest control in organic apple orchards - A pan-European study

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Standard

Perennial flower strips for pest control in organic apple orchards - A pan-European study. / Cahenzli, Fabian; Sigsgaard, Lene; Daniel, Claudia; Herz, Annette; Jamar, Laurent; Kelderer, Markus; Jacobsen, Stine Kramer; Kruczyńska, Dorota; Matray, Silvia; Porcel, Mario; Sekrecka, Małgorzata; Świergiel, Weronika; Tasin, Marco; Telfser, Josef; Pfiffner, Lukas.

In: Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment, Vol. 278, 01.06.2019, p. 43-53.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Cahenzli, F, Sigsgaard, L, Daniel, C, Herz, A, Jamar, L, Kelderer, M, Jacobsen, SK, Kruczyńska, D, Matray, S, Porcel, M, Sekrecka, M, Świergiel, W, Tasin, M, Telfser, J & Pfiffner, L 2019, 'Perennial flower strips for pest control in organic apple orchards - A pan-European study', Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment, vol. 278, pp. 43-53. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agee.2019.03.011

APA

Cahenzli, F., Sigsgaard, L., Daniel, C., Herz, A., Jamar, L., Kelderer, M., ... Pfiffner, L. (2019). Perennial flower strips for pest control in organic apple orchards - A pan-European study. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment, 278, 43-53. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agee.2019.03.011

Vancouver

Cahenzli F, Sigsgaard L, Daniel C, Herz A, Jamar L, Kelderer M et al. Perennial flower strips for pest control in organic apple orchards - A pan-European study. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment. 2019 Jun 1;278:43-53. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agee.2019.03.011

Author

Cahenzli, Fabian ; Sigsgaard, Lene ; Daniel, Claudia ; Herz, Annette ; Jamar, Laurent ; Kelderer, Markus ; Jacobsen, Stine Kramer ; Kruczyńska, Dorota ; Matray, Silvia ; Porcel, Mario ; Sekrecka, Małgorzata ; Świergiel, Weronika ; Tasin, Marco ; Telfser, Josef ; Pfiffner, Lukas. / Perennial flower strips for pest control in organic apple orchards - A pan-European study. In: Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment. 2019 ; Vol. 278. pp. 43-53.

Bibtex

@article{0a92ed8008d4447081ae24769ef8a7d9,
title = "Perennial flower strips for pest control in organic apple orchards - A pan-European study",
abstract = "In many crops, the intensive use of pesticides causes major problems both for the environment and for natural ecosystem services. Apple is Europe's most frequently produced orchard fruit, requiring high pesticide input to combat the most important apple insect pests, Dysaphis plantaginea (Passerini) and Cydia pomonella (L.). Here we sought to control these pests by promoting natural enemies using sown perennial flower strips. We trialled these in the alleyways of organic apple orchards in seven European countries. Visual assessments over two years revealed a higher number of natural enemies on plant parts, and specifically in D. plantaginea colonies on trees, in flower strip plots than on trees in control plots with standard orchard vegetation. Trees in the flower strip plots recorded a slower D. plantaginea population increase as compared with control plots, resulting in reduced fruit damage after the second fruit drop. Likewise, from 2016–2017, the number of preadult codling moths decreased more in the flower strip plots as compared to the control plots resulting in reduced fruit damage. Our study shows on a wide continental scale that the implementation of perennial flower strips in the alleyways between apple tree rows boosts natural enemies and reduces key apple pests and the associated fruit damage. This supports the role of functional agrobiodiversity as a way to potentially reduce insecticide use in orchards and thus further promote conservation of agrobiodiversity. We also provide suggested plant composition for flower strips adapted to different European countries and recommendations for implementation and management in practice.",
keywords = "Conservation biological control, Flower strip, Functional agrobiodiversity, Habitat management",
author = "Fabian Cahenzli and Lene Sigsgaard and Claudia Daniel and Annette Herz and Laurent Jamar and Markus Kelderer and Jacobsen, {Stine Kramer} and Dorota Kruczyńska and Silvia Matray and Mario Porcel and Małgorzata Sekrecka and Weronika Świergiel and Marco Tasin and Josef Telfser and Lukas Pfiffner",
year = "2019",
month = "6",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.agee.2019.03.011",
language = "English",
volume = "278",
pages = "43--53",
journal = "Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment",
issn = "0167-8809",
publisher = "Elsevier",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Perennial flower strips for pest control in organic apple orchards - A pan-European study

AU - Cahenzli, Fabian

AU - Sigsgaard, Lene

AU - Daniel, Claudia

AU - Herz, Annette

AU - Jamar, Laurent

AU - Kelderer, Markus

AU - Jacobsen, Stine Kramer

AU - Kruczyńska, Dorota

AU - Matray, Silvia

AU - Porcel, Mario

AU - Sekrecka, Małgorzata

AU - Świergiel, Weronika

AU - Tasin, Marco

AU - Telfser, Josef

AU - Pfiffner, Lukas

PY - 2019/6/1

Y1 - 2019/6/1

N2 - In many crops, the intensive use of pesticides causes major problems both for the environment and for natural ecosystem services. Apple is Europe's most frequently produced orchard fruit, requiring high pesticide input to combat the most important apple insect pests, Dysaphis plantaginea (Passerini) and Cydia pomonella (L.). Here we sought to control these pests by promoting natural enemies using sown perennial flower strips. We trialled these in the alleyways of organic apple orchards in seven European countries. Visual assessments over two years revealed a higher number of natural enemies on plant parts, and specifically in D. plantaginea colonies on trees, in flower strip plots than on trees in control plots with standard orchard vegetation. Trees in the flower strip plots recorded a slower D. plantaginea population increase as compared with control plots, resulting in reduced fruit damage after the second fruit drop. Likewise, from 2016–2017, the number of preadult codling moths decreased more in the flower strip plots as compared to the control plots resulting in reduced fruit damage. Our study shows on a wide continental scale that the implementation of perennial flower strips in the alleyways between apple tree rows boosts natural enemies and reduces key apple pests and the associated fruit damage. This supports the role of functional agrobiodiversity as a way to potentially reduce insecticide use in orchards and thus further promote conservation of agrobiodiversity. We also provide suggested plant composition for flower strips adapted to different European countries and recommendations for implementation and management in practice.

AB - In many crops, the intensive use of pesticides causes major problems both for the environment and for natural ecosystem services. Apple is Europe's most frequently produced orchard fruit, requiring high pesticide input to combat the most important apple insect pests, Dysaphis plantaginea (Passerini) and Cydia pomonella (L.). Here we sought to control these pests by promoting natural enemies using sown perennial flower strips. We trialled these in the alleyways of organic apple orchards in seven European countries. Visual assessments over two years revealed a higher number of natural enemies on plant parts, and specifically in D. plantaginea colonies on trees, in flower strip plots than on trees in control plots with standard orchard vegetation. Trees in the flower strip plots recorded a slower D. plantaginea population increase as compared with control plots, resulting in reduced fruit damage after the second fruit drop. Likewise, from 2016–2017, the number of preadult codling moths decreased more in the flower strip plots as compared to the control plots resulting in reduced fruit damage. Our study shows on a wide continental scale that the implementation of perennial flower strips in the alleyways between apple tree rows boosts natural enemies and reduces key apple pests and the associated fruit damage. This supports the role of functional agrobiodiversity as a way to potentially reduce insecticide use in orchards and thus further promote conservation of agrobiodiversity. We also provide suggested plant composition for flower strips adapted to different European countries and recommendations for implementation and management in practice.

KW - Conservation biological control

KW - Flower strip

KW - Functional agrobiodiversity

KW - Habitat management

U2 - 10.1016/j.agee.2019.03.011

DO - 10.1016/j.agee.2019.03.011

M3 - Journal article

VL - 278

SP - 43

EP - 53

JO - Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment

JF - Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment

SN - 0167-8809

ER -

ID: 215971441