Managing Floral Resources in Apple Orchards for Pest Control: Ideas, Experiences and Future Directions

Research output: Contribution to journalReviewResearchpeer-review

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Managing Floral Resources in Apple Orchards for Pest Control : Ideas, Experiences and Future Directions. / Herz, Annette; Cahenzli, Fabian; Penvern, Servane; Pfiffner, Lukas; Tasin, Marco; Sigsgaard, Lene.

In: Insects, Vol. 10, No. 8, 247, 11.08.2019, p. 1-24.

Research output: Contribution to journalReviewResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Herz, A, Cahenzli, F, Penvern, S, Pfiffner, L, Tasin, M & Sigsgaard, L 2019, 'Managing Floral Resources in Apple Orchards for Pest Control: Ideas, Experiences and Future Directions', Insects, vol. 10, no. 8, 247, pp. 1-24. https://doi.org/10.3390/insects10080247

APA

Herz, A., Cahenzli, F., Penvern, S., Pfiffner, L., Tasin, M., & Sigsgaard, L. (2019). Managing Floral Resources in Apple Orchards for Pest Control: Ideas, Experiences and Future Directions. Insects, 10(8), 1-24. [247]. https://doi.org/10.3390/insects10080247

Vancouver

Herz A, Cahenzli F, Penvern S, Pfiffner L, Tasin M, Sigsgaard L. Managing Floral Resources in Apple Orchards for Pest Control: Ideas, Experiences and Future Directions. Insects. 2019 Aug 11;10(8):1-24. 247. https://doi.org/10.3390/insects10080247

Author

Herz, Annette ; Cahenzli, Fabian ; Penvern, Servane ; Pfiffner, Lukas ; Tasin, Marco ; Sigsgaard, Lene. / Managing Floral Resources in Apple Orchards for Pest Control : Ideas, Experiences and Future Directions. In: Insects. 2019 ; Vol. 10, No. 8. pp. 1-24.

Bibtex

@article{3f0ae4019477472a830f81a5db1ccd02,
title = "Managing Floral Resources in Apple Orchards for Pest Control: Ideas, Experiences and Future Directions",
abstract = "Functional biodiversity is of fundamental importance for pest control. Many natural enemies rely on floral resources to complete their life cycle. Farmers need to ensure the availability of suitable and sufficient floral biodiversity. This review summarizes 66 studies on the management of floral biodiversity in apple orchards, published since 1986. Approaches followed different degrees of intervention: short-term practices (mowing regime and weed maintenance, cover crops), establishment of durable ecological infrastructures (perennial flower strips, hedgerows) and re-design of the crop system (intercropping, agroforestry). Although short-term practices did not always target the nutrition of natural enemies by flowering plants, living conditions for them (alternative prey, provision of habitat) were often improved. Perennial flower strips reliably enhanced natural enemies and techniques for their introduction continuously developed. Resident natural enemies and their impact in pest control reacted positively to the introduction of a more diversified vegetation, whereas the response of very mobile organisms was often not directly linked to the measures taken. A careful selection and management of plants with particular traits exploitable by most natural enemies emerged as a key-point for success. Now the elaborated design of such measures needs to be adopted by stakeholders and policy makers to encourage farmers to implement these measures in their orchards.",
keywords = "Faculty of Science, biological control, integrated pest management, functional biodiversity, fruit growing, ecological infrastructure, ???Biologisk bek{\ae}mpelse???, insekter",
author = "Annette Herz and Fabian Cahenzli and Servane Penvern and Lukas Pfiffner and Marco Tasin and Lene Sigsgaard",
year = "2019",
month = "8",
day = "11",
doi = "10.3390/insects10080247",
language = "English",
volume = "10",
pages = "1--24",
journal = "Insects",
issn = "2075-4450",
publisher = "M D P I AG",
number = "8",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Managing Floral Resources in Apple Orchards for Pest Control

T2 - Ideas, Experiences and Future Directions

AU - Herz, Annette

AU - Cahenzli, Fabian

AU - Penvern, Servane

AU - Pfiffner, Lukas

AU - Tasin, Marco

AU - Sigsgaard, Lene

PY - 2019/8/11

Y1 - 2019/8/11

N2 - Functional biodiversity is of fundamental importance for pest control. Many natural enemies rely on floral resources to complete their life cycle. Farmers need to ensure the availability of suitable and sufficient floral biodiversity. This review summarizes 66 studies on the management of floral biodiversity in apple orchards, published since 1986. Approaches followed different degrees of intervention: short-term practices (mowing regime and weed maintenance, cover crops), establishment of durable ecological infrastructures (perennial flower strips, hedgerows) and re-design of the crop system (intercropping, agroforestry). Although short-term practices did not always target the nutrition of natural enemies by flowering plants, living conditions for them (alternative prey, provision of habitat) were often improved. Perennial flower strips reliably enhanced natural enemies and techniques for their introduction continuously developed. Resident natural enemies and their impact in pest control reacted positively to the introduction of a more diversified vegetation, whereas the response of very mobile organisms was often not directly linked to the measures taken. A careful selection and management of plants with particular traits exploitable by most natural enemies emerged as a key-point for success. Now the elaborated design of such measures needs to be adopted by stakeholders and policy makers to encourage farmers to implement these measures in their orchards.

AB - Functional biodiversity is of fundamental importance for pest control. Many natural enemies rely on floral resources to complete their life cycle. Farmers need to ensure the availability of suitable and sufficient floral biodiversity. This review summarizes 66 studies on the management of floral biodiversity in apple orchards, published since 1986. Approaches followed different degrees of intervention: short-term practices (mowing regime and weed maintenance, cover crops), establishment of durable ecological infrastructures (perennial flower strips, hedgerows) and re-design of the crop system (intercropping, agroforestry). Although short-term practices did not always target the nutrition of natural enemies by flowering plants, living conditions for them (alternative prey, provision of habitat) were often improved. Perennial flower strips reliably enhanced natural enemies and techniques for their introduction continuously developed. Resident natural enemies and their impact in pest control reacted positively to the introduction of a more diversified vegetation, whereas the response of very mobile organisms was often not directly linked to the measures taken. A careful selection and management of plants with particular traits exploitable by most natural enemies emerged as a key-point for success. Now the elaborated design of such measures needs to be adopted by stakeholders and policy makers to encourage farmers to implement these measures in their orchards.

KW - Faculty of Science

KW - biological control

KW - integrated pest management

KW - functional biodiversity

KW - fruit growing

KW - ecological infrastructure

KW - ???Biologisk bekæmpelse???

KW - insekter

U2 - 10.3390/insects10080247

DO - 10.3390/insects10080247

M3 - Review

C2 - 31405257

VL - 10

SP - 1

EP - 24

JO - Insects

JF - Insects

SN - 2075-4450

IS - 8

M1 - 247

ER -

ID: 227741097