Design, implementation and management of perennial flower strips to promote functional agrobiodiversity in organic apple orchards: A pan-European study

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Standard

Design, implementation and management of perennial flower strips to promote functional agrobiodiversity in organic apple orchards : A pan-European study. / Pfiffner, Lukas; Cahenzli, Fabian; Steinemann, Beatrice; Jamar, Laurent; Bjørn, Mona Chor; Porcel, Mario; Tasin, Marco; Telfser, Josef; Kelderer, Markus; Lisek, Jerzy; Sigsgaard, Lene.

In: Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment, Vol. 278, 01.06.2019, p. 61-71.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Pfiffner, L, Cahenzli, F, Steinemann, B, Jamar, L, Bjørn, MC, Porcel, M, Tasin, M, Telfser, J, Kelderer, M, Lisek, J & Sigsgaard, L 2019, 'Design, implementation and management of perennial flower strips to promote functional agrobiodiversity in organic apple orchards: A pan-European study', Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment, vol. 278, pp. 61-71. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agee.2019.03.005

APA

Pfiffner, L., Cahenzli, F., Steinemann, B., Jamar, L., Bjørn, M. C., Porcel, M., ... Sigsgaard, L. (2019). Design, implementation and management of perennial flower strips to promote functional agrobiodiversity in organic apple orchards: A pan-European study. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment, 278, 61-71. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agee.2019.03.005

Vancouver

Pfiffner L, Cahenzli F, Steinemann B, Jamar L, Bjørn MC, Porcel M et al. Design, implementation and management of perennial flower strips to promote functional agrobiodiversity in organic apple orchards: A pan-European study. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment. 2019 Jun 1;278:61-71. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agee.2019.03.005

Author

Pfiffner, Lukas ; Cahenzli, Fabian ; Steinemann, Beatrice ; Jamar, Laurent ; Bjørn, Mona Chor ; Porcel, Mario ; Tasin, Marco ; Telfser, Josef ; Kelderer, Markus ; Lisek, Jerzy ; Sigsgaard, Lene. / Design, implementation and management of perennial flower strips to promote functional agrobiodiversity in organic apple orchards : A pan-European study. In: Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment. 2019 ; Vol. 278. pp. 61-71.

Bibtex

@article{6b3a0ac1a9084844b664b21e76fd01c1,
title = "Design, implementation and management of perennial flower strips to promote functional agrobiodiversity in organic apple orchards: A pan-European study",
abstract = "Orchards, as intensive cropping systems, often have low diversity of plant species, which limits the promotion of natural enemies for pest control. The implementation of agri-environmental schemes, such as flower strips, could enhance biological control. We developed perennial, multifunctional flower strips with native plant species. In the second and third year after sowing, plant diversity and ground cover between flower strips (FS) in the drive alleys and the spontaneous orchard vegetation in control plots (Cont) were compared in 19 experimental blocks of eight organic apple orchards in six European countries. On average 73.7{\%} of the sown plant species were established and plant diversity of FS was on average 43{\%} higher than in Cont. Multivariate analysis further revealed significant dissimilarities in the plant communities of the two treatments. Intensive mulching of flower strips also affected the plant community: species richness and ground cover by forbs and plants, which especially promote functional agrobiodiversity (FAB plants), decreased significantly. We show that perennial FS with native plants are a valuable approach to enrich plant diversity in orchards in different European countries. Limitations and recommendations for the implementation and management of FS in orchards are discussed.",
keywords = "Diversified orchard, Ecological infrastructure, Habitat manipulation, Plant diversity, Sustainable apple production",
author = "Lukas Pfiffner and Fabian Cahenzli and Beatrice Steinemann and Laurent Jamar and Bj{\o}rn, {Mona Chor} and Mario Porcel and Marco Tasin and Josef Telfser and Markus Kelderer and Jerzy Lisek and Lene Sigsgaard",
year = "2019",
month = "6",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.agee.2019.03.005",
language = "English",
volume = "278",
pages = "61--71",
journal = "Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment",
issn = "0167-8809",
publisher = "Elsevier",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Design, implementation and management of perennial flower strips to promote functional agrobiodiversity in organic apple orchards

T2 - A pan-European study

AU - Pfiffner, Lukas

AU - Cahenzli, Fabian

AU - Steinemann, Beatrice

AU - Jamar, Laurent

AU - Bjørn, Mona Chor

AU - Porcel, Mario

AU - Tasin, Marco

AU - Telfser, Josef

AU - Kelderer, Markus

AU - Lisek, Jerzy

AU - Sigsgaard, Lene

PY - 2019/6/1

Y1 - 2019/6/1

N2 - Orchards, as intensive cropping systems, often have low diversity of plant species, which limits the promotion of natural enemies for pest control. The implementation of agri-environmental schemes, such as flower strips, could enhance biological control. We developed perennial, multifunctional flower strips with native plant species. In the second and third year after sowing, plant diversity and ground cover between flower strips (FS) in the drive alleys and the spontaneous orchard vegetation in control plots (Cont) were compared in 19 experimental blocks of eight organic apple orchards in six European countries. On average 73.7% of the sown plant species were established and plant diversity of FS was on average 43% higher than in Cont. Multivariate analysis further revealed significant dissimilarities in the plant communities of the two treatments. Intensive mulching of flower strips also affected the plant community: species richness and ground cover by forbs and plants, which especially promote functional agrobiodiversity (FAB plants), decreased significantly. We show that perennial FS with native plants are a valuable approach to enrich plant diversity in orchards in different European countries. Limitations and recommendations for the implementation and management of FS in orchards are discussed.

AB - Orchards, as intensive cropping systems, often have low diversity of plant species, which limits the promotion of natural enemies for pest control. The implementation of agri-environmental schemes, such as flower strips, could enhance biological control. We developed perennial, multifunctional flower strips with native plant species. In the second and third year after sowing, plant diversity and ground cover between flower strips (FS) in the drive alleys and the spontaneous orchard vegetation in control plots (Cont) were compared in 19 experimental blocks of eight organic apple orchards in six European countries. On average 73.7% of the sown plant species were established and plant diversity of FS was on average 43% higher than in Cont. Multivariate analysis further revealed significant dissimilarities in the plant communities of the two treatments. Intensive mulching of flower strips also affected the plant community: species richness and ground cover by forbs and plants, which especially promote functional agrobiodiversity (FAB plants), decreased significantly. We show that perennial FS with native plants are a valuable approach to enrich plant diversity in orchards in different European countries. Limitations and recommendations for the implementation and management of FS in orchards are discussed.

KW - Diversified orchard

KW - Ecological infrastructure

KW - Habitat manipulation

KW - Plant diversity

KW - Sustainable apple production

U2 - 10.1016/j.agee.2019.03.005

DO - 10.1016/j.agee.2019.03.005

M3 - Journal article

VL - 278

SP - 61

EP - 71

JO - Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment

JF - Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment

SN - 0167-8809

ER -

ID: 215920210