Danish Consortium on Insects as Food and Feed (INFOOFEE)
Insects for food and feed have gained worldwide attention due to the fact that they are nutritious and the environmental cost of mass-rearing could be by far less when compared to existing production systems of beef, pork and chicken production. Insect farming can also contribute to food security and income generation. A Danish consortium of people involved with research and innovation explores the potential of using insects as a sustainable food and feed source from different perspectives including food technology, gastronomy, consumer behavior, mass rearing, insect farming, human and animal nutrition, insect pathology, life-cycle assessment, and food safety.
We are a multidisciplinary group of scientists and innovators from institutions based in Denmark. We are engaged in research and innovation in the various areas related to the use of insects as food and feed. We have a broad national and international network, and collaborate with the private sector, research centers, universities, and non-governmental organizations. We contribute to communication between academia and the public through media coverage on the status of insects for food and feed research and innovation.
University of Copenhagen (UCHP)
Four departments at University of Copenhagen are currently conducting research on insects for food and feed:
Department of Plant and Environmental Sciences - PLEN
Our research focuses on diagnosis and management of insect pathogens and their relationship to mass rearing conditions. Our projects include the GREEiNSECT: Insects for green economy project, Nordic Food Lab’s “Discerning taste: deliciousness as an argument for entomophagy” project, and also support from the EU doctorate program AgTrain.Contact:
Professor Jørgen Eilenberg
Thorvaldsensvej 40, 3 floor, B 327 1871 Frederiksberg C
E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.orgPhone: +45 35 33 26 92
Mobile: +45 23 30 20 24
Department of Nutrition, Exercise and Sports - NEXS
The major research project GREEiNSECT is coordinated by NEXS. GREEiNSECT is a research and capacity building project funded by Danida, Ministry of Foreign Affairs that investigates how insect farming of selected species can contribute to sustainable food security and green economy in Kenya. GREEiNSECT partners conduct research on the technical aspects of insect mass-rearing, their applications to food, nutrition, and feed security as well as their economic and social impacts, including the consumer acceptance.
Department of Food and Resource Economics - IFRO
Consumer acceptance and preferences for insects as food and feed is one of the research topics at the section for Environment and Natural Resources. The overall aim iis to increase knowledge about consumer behavior towards insect-based products in order to enable targeted development of food product compositions that will maximize the potential demand from consumers. This is done both in developing (Kenya) as well as developed (Denmark, Germany) country contexts.Contact:
Associate professor Søren Bøye Olsen
Rolighedsvej 23, Gammel Bygning stuen, Building: AD109
1958 Frederiksberg C
Phone: +45 35 33 36 43
Department of Food Science – FOOD
Nordic Food Lab (NFL), with its innovative research about the culinary potential of foodstuffs in the Nordic region combines scientific and humanistic approaches with culinary techniques from around the world. NFL is hosted by the department and is leading the project ‘Discerning taste: deliciousness as an argument for entomophagy’ to investigate insects and the value they hold within a gastronomic context.Contact:
Michael Bom Frøst, Associate Professor at FOOD
1958 Frederiksberg C
Email: email@example.com / firstname.lastname@example.org
Phone: +45 35 33 32 07
Danish Technological Institute (DTI)
Since 2012, DTI has been engaged in research and development work on the possibilities of using insects to transform different bio resources, such as by-products from feed and food industries, into protein for feed and food. DTI aims at developing insect production at farm and industrial scale in Denmark and is leading the projects VALIN, SUSMEAL and WICE. Several centers are involved in the insect area at DTI including Chemistry and Biotechnology (lead), Food Technology, Robot Technology and Biomass and Biorefining.Contact:
Lars Lau Heckmann
Danish Technological Institute
Teknologiparken - Chemistry and Biotechnology (Life Science)
Kongsvang Allé 29
8000 Aarhus C
Phone: +45 72 20 15 37
The Technical University of Denmark (DTU)
The Food Institute works, among other topics, on risk assessment in food production throughout the value chain, ranging from the primary sector products to kitchens and catering businesses. It also focuses on the development of food production on a sustainable basis with utilization of waste streams and recycling of nutrients. In relation to this, the department has conducted research on the risk assessment of house fly larvae as a potential livestock feed and fertilizer.Contact:
Head of Division Dorte Lau Baggesen
Danmarks Tekniske Universitet
Mørkhøj Bygade 19
Bygning D, rum 111
Phone: +45 25 47 78 48
Aarhus University (AU)
At the Department of Bioscience (Section for Plant and Insect Ecology), the combined use of weaver ants as (i) a pest control agent and (ii) a source of protein is explored. We work in a scenario where ants prey on pest insects to the benefit of plant production and simultaneously turn harmful pest insect into valuable edible protein in the form of ant larvae. Also, we investigate food and protein conversion efficiencies of ants and other insects and disseminate entomophagy to the public.
List of participants
Projects and main Danish participating teams
- GREEiNSECT: Insects for Green Economy (UCPH)
- AgTrain: Agricultural transformation by innovation (UCPH)
- Nordic Food Lab: Deliciousness as an argument for
entomophagy (UCPH, NFL)
- Utilization of resources for insect production of protein feed with mealworms (DTI / AgroTech) (Styrelsen for Forskning og Innovation, 2015-2016)
- VALIN - VALorization of organic side-streams through bio-conversion with INsects (GUDP, 2015-2017) (DTI)
- SUSMEAL - Sustainable Mealworm Production for Feed and Food (Eurostars, 2015-2017) (DTI)
- WICE (DTI) - Waste, Insects and Circular Economy
- The BioConVal project - Conversion of chicken manure by fly larvae (2014) (DTI,DTU)
Articles from us
- Insects in the human food chain: global status and opportunities. Halloran, A. M. S., Muenke, C., Vantomme, P., van Huis, A. I: Food Chain (Rugby), Vol. 4, Nr. 2, 2014, s. 103-118
- Diseases in insects produced for food and feed - Eilenberg, J., Vlak J., Nielsen-Leroux, C., Cappelloza, S., Jensen, A.B.I: Journal of Insects as Food and Feed, Vol. 1, 2015, s. 87-102
- Notes from the ‘Insects in a gastronomic context’ workshop in Bangkok, Thailand - Halloran, A., Flore, R., Mercier, C. I: Journal of Insects as Food and Feed, Vol. 1, 2015, s.241-243
- Nutrients, functional properties, storage stability and costing of complementary foodsenriched with either termites and fish or commercial micronutrients. Kinyuru, J.N.,Konyole, S.O.,Kenji,G.M., Onyango,C.A., Owino, V.O., Owuor,B.O., Estambale, B.B., Roos, N. I: Journal of Insects for Food and Feed, Vol. 1, 2015, s.149-158
- Regulating edible insects: the challenge of adressing food security, nature conservation, and the erosion of traditional food culture. Halloran, A.M.S., Vantomme, P., Hanboonsong, Y.; Ekesi, S. I: Food Security, Vol. 7, Nr. 3, 2015, s. 739-746
- Insekter til foder og føde - Momentum (04-11-2014)
- Insekter til fødevarer - en realistisk løsning på fremtidens proteinmangel til foder og føde - Plus Proces (November 2014)
- Håb for tomme stalde: Nu kommer insekterne - LandbrugsAvisen (Oktober 2015)
Selected interviews and other disseminations:
- Edible insects inch one step closer. SciDev.Net
- The Guardian: Is the US ready to stomach eating bugs?
- Research & Innovation Café #1: Insects for Food
and Feed (28 February 2014)
Education and teaching
- BSc in Animal Science (Danish)
- MSc in Animal Science (English)
- MSc in Human Nutrition (English)
- Msc in Agriculture Development (English)
One English language course at MSc level has the subject as a significant part of curriculum, namely ‘Human benefits from Insects’. Besides, we have BSc, MSc and PhD students working in this area.
- ANSES, 2015. French agency for food, environmental and occupational health and safety. The use of insects as food and feed and the review of scientific knowledge on the health risks related to the consumption of insects.
- FASFC, 2014. Food safety aspects of insects intended for human consumption. Common advice of the Belgian Scientific Committee of the Federal Agency for the Safety of the Food Chain (FASFC) and of the Superior Health Council (SHC).
NVWA, 2014. Advisory report on the risks associated with the consumption of mass-reared insects. Netherlands Food and Consumer Product Safety Authority.
- International Platform of Insects for Food and Feed - A nonprofit organization that gathers the main insect breeding companies and other private stakeholders in Europe.
- Department of Forestry at the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO)