Responses of carbohydrate metabolism enzymes in leaf and spike to CO2 elevation and nitrogen fertilization and their relations to grain yield in wheat

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Responses of carbohydrate metabolism enzymes in leaf and spike to CO2 elevation and nitrogen fertilization and their relations to grain yield in wheat. / Li, Xiangnan; Ulfat, Aneela; Shokat, Sajid; Liu, Shengqun; Zhu, Xiancan; Liu, Fulai.

In: Environmental and Experimental Botany, Vol. 164, 01.08.2019, p. 149-156.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Li, X, Ulfat, A, Shokat, S, Liu, S, Zhu, X & Liu, F 2019, 'Responses of carbohydrate metabolism enzymes in leaf and spike to CO2 elevation and nitrogen fertilization and their relations to grain yield in wheat', Environmental and Experimental Botany, vol. 164, pp. 149-156. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envexpbot.2019.05.008

APA

Li, X., Ulfat, A., Shokat, S., Liu, S., Zhu, X., & Liu, F. (2019). Responses of carbohydrate metabolism enzymes in leaf and spike to CO2 elevation and nitrogen fertilization and their relations to grain yield in wheat. Environmental and Experimental Botany, 164, 149-156. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envexpbot.2019.05.008

Vancouver

Li X, Ulfat A, Shokat S, Liu S, Zhu X, Liu F. Responses of carbohydrate metabolism enzymes in leaf and spike to CO2 elevation and nitrogen fertilization and their relations to grain yield in wheat. Environmental and Experimental Botany. 2019 Aug 1;164:149-156. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envexpbot.2019.05.008

Author

Li, Xiangnan ; Ulfat, Aneela ; Shokat, Sajid ; Liu, Shengqun ; Zhu, Xiancan ; Liu, Fulai. / Responses of carbohydrate metabolism enzymes in leaf and spike to CO2 elevation and nitrogen fertilization and their relations to grain yield in wheat. In: Environmental and Experimental Botany. 2019 ; Vol. 164. pp. 149-156.

Bibtex

@article{ab107dc7c8cc4751874515944493eb04,
title = "Responses of carbohydrate metabolism enzymes in leaf and spike to CO2 elevation and nitrogen fertilization and their relations to grain yield in wheat",
abstract = "Elevated CO2 generally increases wheat grain yield, which may be affected by nitrogen fertilization. The aim of this study was to investigate the responses of carbohydrate metabolism enzymes in source leaves and sink spikes in wheat to elevated CO2 and nitrogen fertilization and their relation to grain yield. The wheat plants were grown at different atmospheric [CO2] (400 and 800 ppm) and nitrogen fertilizer rates, and the activities of 13 key carbohydrate metabolism enzymes, carbon and nitrogen concentrations in leaves and spikes, and grain yield were analyzed. Elevated CO2 (e[CO2]) increased the photosynthetic rate while decreased the chlorophyll content in flag leaf, compared with plants grown at ambient CO2 (a[CO2]). In source leaf, activity of invertase, including vacInv and cwInv, were depressed by e[CO2]. In leaf the PGI activity was enhanced, while the Ald activity was reduced by high N, compared with normal N supply. Among the enzymes involved in starch biosynthesis, only PGM activity was enhanced by e[CO2] in spike, compared with those grown at a[CO2]. For the glycolysis pathway in spike, the PFK activity was not affected by e[CO2], but the Ald activity was promoted by e[CO2], in relation to those grown at a[CO2]. Grain yield and shoot biomass were significantly enhanced by e[CO2], compared with a[CO2]. In addition, high N supply enhanced the grain number per spike in wheat grown under e[CO2]. The activities of major carbohydrate metabolism enzymes in source and sink organs show different responses to e[CO2] and N fertilizer rates, which could have contributed to the changes in grain yield. The variation in N supply could be a key contributing factor to the variable responses of wheat grain yield to e[CO2].",
keywords = "Carbohydrate metabolism, CO, Kinetic assay, Nitrogen, Triticum aestivum",
author = "Xiangnan Li and Aneela Ulfat and Sajid Shokat and Shengqun Liu and Xiancan Zhu and Fulai Liu",
year = "2019",
month = "8",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.envexpbot.2019.05.008",
language = "English",
volume = "164",
pages = "149--156",
journal = "Environmental and Experimental Botany",
issn = "0098-8472",
publisher = "Elsevier",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Responses of carbohydrate metabolism enzymes in leaf and spike to CO2 elevation and nitrogen fertilization and their relations to grain yield in wheat

AU - Li, Xiangnan

AU - Ulfat, Aneela

AU - Shokat, Sajid

AU - Liu, Shengqun

AU - Zhu, Xiancan

AU - Liu, Fulai

PY - 2019/8/1

Y1 - 2019/8/1

N2 - Elevated CO2 generally increases wheat grain yield, which may be affected by nitrogen fertilization. The aim of this study was to investigate the responses of carbohydrate metabolism enzymes in source leaves and sink spikes in wheat to elevated CO2 and nitrogen fertilization and their relation to grain yield. The wheat plants were grown at different atmospheric [CO2] (400 and 800 ppm) and nitrogen fertilizer rates, and the activities of 13 key carbohydrate metabolism enzymes, carbon and nitrogen concentrations in leaves and spikes, and grain yield were analyzed. Elevated CO2 (e[CO2]) increased the photosynthetic rate while decreased the chlorophyll content in flag leaf, compared with plants grown at ambient CO2 (a[CO2]). In source leaf, activity of invertase, including vacInv and cwInv, were depressed by e[CO2]. In leaf the PGI activity was enhanced, while the Ald activity was reduced by high N, compared with normal N supply. Among the enzymes involved in starch biosynthesis, only PGM activity was enhanced by e[CO2] in spike, compared with those grown at a[CO2]. For the glycolysis pathway in spike, the PFK activity was not affected by e[CO2], but the Ald activity was promoted by e[CO2], in relation to those grown at a[CO2]. Grain yield and shoot biomass were significantly enhanced by e[CO2], compared with a[CO2]. In addition, high N supply enhanced the grain number per spike in wheat grown under e[CO2]. The activities of major carbohydrate metabolism enzymes in source and sink organs show different responses to e[CO2] and N fertilizer rates, which could have contributed to the changes in grain yield. The variation in N supply could be a key contributing factor to the variable responses of wheat grain yield to e[CO2].

AB - Elevated CO2 generally increases wheat grain yield, which may be affected by nitrogen fertilization. The aim of this study was to investigate the responses of carbohydrate metabolism enzymes in source leaves and sink spikes in wheat to elevated CO2 and nitrogen fertilization and their relation to grain yield. The wheat plants were grown at different atmospheric [CO2] (400 and 800 ppm) and nitrogen fertilizer rates, and the activities of 13 key carbohydrate metabolism enzymes, carbon and nitrogen concentrations in leaves and spikes, and grain yield were analyzed. Elevated CO2 (e[CO2]) increased the photosynthetic rate while decreased the chlorophyll content in flag leaf, compared with plants grown at ambient CO2 (a[CO2]). In source leaf, activity of invertase, including vacInv and cwInv, were depressed by e[CO2]. In leaf the PGI activity was enhanced, while the Ald activity was reduced by high N, compared with normal N supply. Among the enzymes involved in starch biosynthesis, only PGM activity was enhanced by e[CO2] in spike, compared with those grown at a[CO2]. For the glycolysis pathway in spike, the PFK activity was not affected by e[CO2], but the Ald activity was promoted by e[CO2], in relation to those grown at a[CO2]. Grain yield and shoot biomass were significantly enhanced by e[CO2], compared with a[CO2]. In addition, high N supply enhanced the grain number per spike in wheat grown under e[CO2]. The activities of major carbohydrate metabolism enzymes in source and sink organs show different responses to e[CO2] and N fertilizer rates, which could have contributed to the changes in grain yield. The variation in N supply could be a key contributing factor to the variable responses of wheat grain yield to e[CO2].

KW - Carbohydrate metabolism

KW - CO

KW - Kinetic assay

KW - Nitrogen

KW - Triticum aestivum

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85066090829&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.envexpbot.2019.05.008

DO - 10.1016/j.envexpbot.2019.05.008

M3 - Journal article

AN - SCOPUS:85066090829

VL - 164

SP - 149

EP - 156

JO - Environmental and Experimental Botany

JF - Environmental and Experimental Botany

SN - 0098-8472

ER -

ID: 222105724