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Effects of LEDs on chlorophyll fluorescence and secondary metabolites in Phalaenopsis

Publication: Research - peer-reviewConference article

T. Ouzounis, X. Fretté, Eva Rosenqvist, C. O. Ottosen

Light emitting diodes (LEDs) are solid-state semiconductor devices that have been integrated in current greenhouse systems the last decades as they provide the opportunity to control light spectrum. Commercial production of potted orchids under LEDs has increased throughout the world the past decades with Phalaenopsis being one of the most valuable potted crops. The experiment took place from January to April 2013 using plantlets of Phalaenopsis 'Vivien' and 'Purple star'. Plants were grown under a purpose-built LED array from Philips yielding approximately 200 μmol/m2s at plant height for 16 h per day. The temperature in the greenhouse compartments was set to 24/18°C day/night, respectively. The three light treatments were (1) 40% Blue 60% Red, (2) 100% Red, and (3) 100% White (Control). The plants were harvested before flowering and plant growth was recorded at the end of the experiment. Chlorophyll fluorescence was also recorded with PAM-2001. Leaf area and total fresh weight were highest in the 40%B/60%R for Phalaenopsis 'Vivien', while 100%R demonstrated the highest leaf area and fresh weight for Phalaenopsis 'Purple star'. Chlorophyll fluorescence for the same treatments was a little higher when compared to the control. Quantitation of secondary metabolites was performed by HPLC. The analysis showed that the treatments with additional blue light had the highest amount of flavonoids and carotenoids.

Original languageEnglish
JournalActa Horticulturae
Volume1078
Pages (from-to)87-92
Number of pages6
ISSN0567-7572
DOIs
StatePublished - 2015
Event - Bangkok, Thailand

Conference

ConferenceII International Orchid Symposium
Number2
CountryThailand
CityBangkok
Period19/02/201421/02/2014

    Research areas

  • Carotenoids, Flavonoids, Light emitting diodes, Orchids

ID: 157280744